Weapons and natural disasters

WMDs

Weaponsand natural disasters

Unit

Weaponsof mass destruction

Nuclear-weapons that rely on nuclear reactions for explosions. The reactionare either fusion or fission or even a combination of both. It has alonger lasting effect beyond the explosion through radiation.

Biological-weapons that rely on living things such as bacteria and viruses withthe intent to kill or harm other living things. In some cases, theseweapons can be launched secretly and gradually.

Chemical– Weapons that use harmful chemicals and compounds such as harmfulgases to kill or harm living things. They can be released and in airor through water or even food and in some cases injected directlyinto the blood stream such as what happens in some executions.

Radiological-weapons that are based on producing harmful radioactive waves to killor harm

Naturaldisasters

Tornadoes-powerful and revolving columns of air on land that causes havoc ontheir path. They are most common in the American midlands, GreatPlains and Mississippi where the terrain is relatively flat (Otmeier2013).

Floods-surface water overflow over dry land usually cased by overflowingrivers or excessive rainfall

Hurricanes-violent storms in the sea that moves to the hinterland

Tsunami– huge sea waves on the oceans caused by volcanic activity on theocean floor. When such waves reach dry land, they can be verydestructive.

Earthquakes-movements in the earth’s crust producing seismic waves that causethe earth surfaces to shake. The magnitude of earthquakes can belarge or small as measured by the Richter scale. Earthquakes of over8.0 on the richer scale have been known to cause deaths in thousands(Finneey &amp Slaus 2010).

Volcaniceruptions- rupture of the earth’s crust that allows overflow oflava and other gases from the lower layers of the earth. The hot lavahas the potential for unimaginable destruction especially in activevolcano.

Environmentaldisasters

Ozonedepletion- destruction of the ozone layer in the stratosphere thatprotects the earth from harmful radiation from the sun.

Wildfires- combustion of natural vegetation in an uncontrolled mannerusually caused by natural or manmade causes

Submergedlands- areas along coastal lines below sea level being submerged insea water.

Meltingglaciers- high rate of melting glaciers causes a rise in sea leveland is blamed for submerged coastal lands around the world.

Ranking

Nuclearweapons are most lethal weapons. This is based on their launchmethods, explosive potential and the deaths and destruction they cancause in an area of impact. This if followed by radiological weaponsas they can affect generations. Biological weapons come in third asthey have the impact to be launched and transmitted undetected tolarger populations (Finneey &amp Slaus 2010).

References

Finney,J. &amp Slaus, I. (2010). Assessingthe Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Role of

IndependentScientists.New York: IOS.

Ortmeier,P.J. (2013). Introductionto security: Operations and management(4th ed.). Upper

SaddleRiver, NJ: Pearson Education

WorldSpecial Weapons Guide. (n.d). Globalsecurity. Retrieved on 31stOct 2014 from

http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/index.html