Visualizing Psychology



  1. Sensation and perception are closely linked. What is the central distinction between the two?

Sensationrefers to the reflexive process of getting information from theexternal surroundings into our body and brain. This course is passivein that a person does not have to intentionally engaging in sensingprocess. Perception is described is the way we make sense (interpret)information that enters our body and brain (Carpenter,2009).Both processes play complimentary though different functions in theprocess of interpreting our surroundings. Sensation entails sensingour surrounding through smell, taste, sound and sight. All theinformation absorbed in the body and conveyed to the brain in rawform in interpreted in order to deduce meaning, this is whatperception entails (Willeyand Sons Inc, 2013).

  1. If we sensed and attended equally to each stimulus in the world, the amount of information would be overwhelming. What sensory and perceptual processes help us lessen the din?

Perceptionsdiffer from one individual to another. Different persons perceivediverse things about identical situation. More importantly we attachdiverse meaning to the things we perceive. An individual can alsomake things perceived mean something else. Different organs perceivedifferent stimuli, for example eyes observe people while ears listento discussions (Carpenter, 2009).The brain is also able to engage in selective attention where onlywhat is relevant and important is interpreted. This means that evenif we may perceive numerous stimuli at the same time, sense is madeof information that we feel and think is important.

  1. What senses, outside of hearing, would likely be impaired if a person were somehow missing all of the apparatus of the ear (including the outer, middle, and inner ear)?

Visionand balance would be lost if the all the apparatus of hearing issevered. Sound is used to assist human make decision on what to lookat. For example when we hear a abrupt noise we instantaneously lookfor the cause or source of the sound. Loss of balance has majorimplications on the body, can lead to loss of speech, impreciseVision and recurrent headaches (Carpenter, 2009).Human beings also use echoes to determine the proximity of objects inour environment this aspect would also be lost.


Carpenter,S. (2009). . Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.

Willeyand Sons Inc. (2013). Sensationand Perception: Destiny Diaz, Seeing the World for the First.Time. Retrieved from p.Ch04.pdf