United States Air Force

UnitedStates Air Force


The abbreviated as USAF is the aerial warfareservice department of the United States Armed Forces and among theseven uniformed services in the country. Before going separate as theUSAF following the National Security Act 1947, it remained part ofthe US Army. It can be seen as the newest branch of the U.S military(VanRoo et al., 2011).It is the largest and the most technologically developed air forcesin the globe. The core functions of the USAF include nucleardeterrence operations, air superiority, special operations, spacesuperiority, cyberspace superiority, global integrated intelligencesurveillance reconnaissance, command and control, personnel recovery,building partnerships, agile combat, support and rapid globalmobility. This research paper will explore the various aspects ofUSAF.

II.Overview of Human Services Management

TheUSAF is led by the civilian Secretary of the Air Force selected bythe president upon advice from the Senate. The Chief of Staff of theAir Force is the highest ranking personnel of the Air Force andexercises oversight over Air Force units and also serves as a part ofthe Joint Chiefs of Staff. Air Force combat personnel are assignedresponsibilities by the Secretary of Defense through the CombatantCommanders. The Chief of Staff and the Secretary of the Air Forcehave no authority over combatant forces.

TheUSAF provides support for ground forces and helps in the resurgenceof troops in battle ground. The Air Force operates more than 56,000aircrafts, 63 satellites, and 450 ICMBMs as per 2012. It has 332,844active workforce, 185,522 civilian staff, 106,700 air guardpersonnel, and 71,400 reserve personnel. It has a massive budget of$140 billion (VanRoo et al., 2011).

Accordingto §8062 of Title 10 US Code, the major purpose of USAF includepreserving peace and security and offer defense of the U.S,Commonwealth, the territories and possessions including any otherareas inhabited by the U.S implement national objectives supportingnational policy and overcoming any country responsible for violentacts that risk the security of the U.S. Currently, the mission ofUSAF is to “fly, fight and win in air space and cyberspace”(Gertler,2012)

III.Explanation of situation

Inthe recent past, the U.S Air Force reviewed its understanding of thecore functions it executes as a Military Service Unit, streamliningwhat formerly were seventeen operational functions and six separatecapabilities into twelve key functions to be applied across thedoctrine, training, organization, education, personnel, leadership,and facilities spectrum. These key functions explain the way in whichthe Air Force is specifically and adequately prepared to contributeto national security, although they do not essentially express everyfacet of what the Air Force contributes to the United States (VanRoo et al., 2011).It is noteworthy that the key functions on their own are notdoctrinal constructs. These twelve functions include

NuclearDeterrence Operations

NuclearDeterrence Operation main function is to operate, secure and maintainnuclear forces to attain a guaranteed capability to deter anadversary from occurring against crucial US interests. In the casewhere deterrence is unsuccessful, the U.S should be in a position toadequately respond with nuclear options (VanRoo et al., 2011).


Thedegree of dominance in the air operations of a force against anotherwhich enables the former and its affiliated land, air, sea andoperations forces at a particular space and time with no prohibitiveinterference by the opposing force is what is referred to as Airsuperiority. Air Superiority entail offensive counterair, defensivecounterair, and airspace control.


Thisis the degree of domination in space of a force over the other whichenables the conduct of operations by the former and its affiliateland, air, sea, space and special operations groups at a given timeand place with no prohibitive obstruction by the challenging force.


Thisis operational leverage in, through and from cyberspace to carry outoperations at a certain time and a specified domain withoutprohibitive hindrance. Cyberspace Force application is combatoffensive in through and from cyberspace to attain military objectiveand influence the direction and outcome of conflict by settling ondecisive actions against established targets (VanRoo et al., 2011).Cyberspace operations include computer network attack and computernetwork exploitation and may include elements of influenceoperations.

Commandand Control

Thisfunction entails the exercise of power and direction by a properlyassigned commander over assigned and engaged forces in theaccomplishment of the mission. The functions of command and controlare executed through arrangement of personnel, communications,equipment, facilities and procedures utilized by a commander inplanning, coordinating, directing and controlling forces andoperations in execution of the mission. This key function entails allof the C2-associated capabilities and functions linked to cyberspace,agile combat, and nuclear support activities to attain strategic,tactical, and operational objectives (VanRoo et al., 2011).

GlobalIntegrated Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)

GlobalIntegrated ISR is the synchronization and assimilation of theplanning and operation of sensors, processing assets, exploitation,and dissemination procedures across the globe to carry out currentand future operations (VanRoo et al., 2011).

GlobalPrecision Attack

Thisrefers to the ability to hold at risk or strike fast and steadily,with a broad range of munitions, any target and to establish swift,decisive and accurate effects across multiple domains. These includestrategic attack, air interdiction, and close air support.


Theseare operations executed towards aggressive, denied or politicallysensitive targets to attain diplomatic, military, economical orinformational objectives through deployment of military capabilitiesin which there is no wide conventional force requisite.

RapidGlobal Mobility

Itrefers to timely deployment, sustainment, employment, redeployment,augmentation across the range of military operations (ROMO). Thisprovides joint military forces with the ability to shift from placeto place while maintaining the capability to fulfill their basicmission (VanRoo et al., 2011).

PersonnelRecovery (PR)

PRis the sum of military, civic and diplomatic efforts to prepare forand carry out the recovery and integration of stranded personnel (VanRoo et al., 2011).It is the capability of the U.S government and its global allies toinfluence the recovery of isolated personnel across ROMO and bringthem back to duty.

AgileCombat Support (ACS)

Thisis the ability to protect, field and sustain air forces across theROMO to attain collaborative effects. These functions include readythe Total Force, Position the Total Force, Prepare the Battle space,protecting the Total Force, sustaining the Total Force, EmployingCombat and recover the Total Force (VanRoo et al., 2011).


Thisis the act of airmen relating with international airmen and relevantplayers to develop, sustain, and guide relations for mutual benefitsand safety.

IV.Student’s personal thoughts/feelings

USAFhas more resources than it requires. It has a lot of personnel,facilities including aircrafts and above all an overrated budget. TheAir Force has high tech technology like the use of unmanned aircrafts which necessitate the cutting off of the personnel (Gertler,2012).The air force engagement is not as extensive as the field troopshence should not be given a massive budget (Moroney,Hogler, Marquis, Paul, Peters &amp Grill, 2012).Nevertheless, according to the current situation, the USAF has beenup to the task as it has remained superior over other air forcesaround the world.

V.Suggestions for Improvement, with supporting resources

Currently,USAF pilots have been forced to seek flight hours from commercialairlines since the Air Force has not been able to keep up with newaircrafts. The changing technology in aircraft manufacturing isoverwhelming the pace of the U.S Air Force. To avoid the expensesthat come with chasing new technology, the US military shouldconsider disposing some of its old fashioned air crafts like theF-25’s and purchase new models like the F-35 stealth (Moroney,Hogler, Marquis, Paul, Peters &amp Grill, 2012).It should also cut down on the number of personnel so as to investmore on innovation.


USAFis one of the branches of the U.S Military. It is at the top of theworld’s most sophisticated air forces. It has various functionsunder its jurisdictions giving it a great influence in the securityof the United States. The USAF is equipped with the best trainedpersonnel, has the top of the notch facilities and spends anincredibly high amount of money every year to keep up to itsstandards. As a result, it has faced criticism as being overrated interms of budget as well as leadership. The bottom line is that, ithas kept up to its mission in safeguarding America’s interests.


Gertler,J. (2012, January). US unmanned aerial systems. Library Of CongressWashington Dc Congressional Research Service.

Moroney,J. D., Hogler, J., Marquis, J. P., Paul, C., Peters, J. E., &ampGrill, B. (2010). Developingan Assessment Framework for US Air Force Building PartnershipsPrograms.RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE ARLINGTON VA.

VanRoo, B. D., Carrillo, M., Drew, J. G., Lang, T., Maletic, A. L.,Massey, H. G., … &amp Tripp, R. S. (2011). Analysisof the Air Force Logistics Enterprise: Evaluation of Global RepairNetwork Options for Supporting the C-130.RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA.