UNSecurity Council Simulation
Accordingto the Merriam Webster dictionary a simulation is an imitativerepresentation of the functioning of one process or system by themeans of another. A simulation can be either be conducted through ause of a computer or by way of an experiment. The draft resolution onthe status of world refugees has brought out several factors orissues that should be urgently addressed. For instance, there is anever increasing number of refugees in the world today due to civilunrest in some parts of the world. Most of the refugees involved hailfrom the Middle East and African continents and as attested by thedraft resolution the entire 16.7 million refugees are formerresidents of African and Middle east continents. From participatingin the draft resolution on the world refugee crisis, I learn threethings. First, I learnt that in addressing a particular issue ofconcern, proper channels must be used at all times. Secondly, therefugee crisis is a critical issue as it touches on security in ourpresent world at a time when terrorism is an imminent threat. Lastly,the United Nations Security Council is responsible for ensuringglobal peace through its various arms such as the United Nations highcommissioner for refugees.
Fromthe simulation it was apparent that there is a looming crisis on howto deal with the surging number of refugees. This is a worrying trendas it could pose to be a major threat to insecurity in the Arab andAfrican nations. Picking from events in recent history, the povertyand insecurity levels from this continents terrorists are likely totake advantage of such situations. This could in turn make thesecurity worse. However, due to the rule of law, the UN SecurityCouncil has to follow protocol and has to adhere to the valuesdeclared in the 1951 refugee convention.
Thedraft resolution on the world refugee crisis simulation has broughtout several issues to the fore. Four major issues have emerged fromthe draft resolution. First, there is ongoing civil and religiousunrest in refugee stricken regions. There seems to be some seriousdiscourse in the Arab and African countries due to either religiousor cultural reasons. The United Nations Security Council should go tothe ground and establish the root cause of such unrest beforeimplementing any action. The United Nations Security Council seems tohave a one size fits all solution to world problems. The UnitedNations needs to understand the cultural and religious differences inAfrican and Arab nations before implementing any actions. There areserious security implications which stem due to forceful migration ofpersons. In most instances, the refugees have resentment towardstheir enemies and as a result, they might go to any length to ensurethat they get their revenge. This is a precarious situation due tothe recent trend of terrorist activities in these regions since theterrorist seeks to take advantage of such incidences. The refugeesbecome an easy target for the terrorists as they wish to have somesense of purpose in their lives. For instance, the emergence of theAl Shabab militia in Somalia is a result of civil unrest in theregion. The militia recruits members of neighboring countries,including refugees with the hope of finding some sense of purpose forthe young men. The United Nations needs to come up with a concreteplan in response to displaced persons. Any human being seeks tosatisfy three human needs this include: food, clothing and shelter.However, there seems to be a new dimension in the quest for humanneeds. In other words, the issue of health seems to not have beenaddressed by the United Nations Security Council. The health aspectcomes into play against the backdrop of the Ebola epidemic which hasalready claimed lives in the African and American continents. Refugeecamps in Turkey and Kenya could be exposed to serious health risk ifthe United Nations does not take measures to mitigate the risk ofspreading diseases. Therefore, as much as providing the three basicneeds, the issue of health needs to be addressed since diseaseoutbreaks would be almost uncontainable in such settings. In future,the United Nations Security Council should ensure that human dignityis preserved as far as humanitarianism is concerned. This will go along way in ensuring that security in refugees is checked. Humanbeings would not wish to subject other human beings to sufferingunless their dignity has been infringed on. The United Nations shouldensure that they have adequate personnel to assist the refugeesadjust to their new environment. This is because the refugees havegone through a traumatic experience due to forceful removal. Themental health is paramount besides basic needs and if such an issueis not addressed security instability is inevitable.
Thedraft resolution on the world refugee crisis simulation was a firstfor me and it was an interesting experience. Of course it was asimulated issue, but the experience was different. From my experienceas a participant I could say that my colleagues brought some of theissues that bedevil the Security Council. For example, I felt that animmediate response of doubling the humanitarian relief to therefugees was noble. However, this might be insignificant depending onthe magnitude of the refugee camp or the number of displaced persons.Therefore, more precise directions should have been suggested on theissue. In addition, I would applaud the Security Council for pursuingcompassion and respect for human rights for vulnerable and displacedrefugees. During my participation, I was very local about checkingthe mental health and dignity of such displaced individuals. This isbecause the success of the refugee program is dependent on how therefugees are treated. Therefore, as far as long term responses areconcerned, some progress was made however, more could have beendiscussed on how to settle the religious and cultural disputes. Thisseems to be the major source of conflict from most refugee crisis.
Basedon the world refugee crisis, some international security models canbe utilized to explain the state of security among neighboringcountries. One such model that could be used to explain insecurityaround refugee camps is the spiral model or the security dilemma. Theterm was brought to use by a German by the name of John Herz.According to Herz, there can be increased tension when one sideheightens insecurity by either making alliances or boosting militarystrength. Other states might respond in a similar way, thusescalating into a conflict or a war. The idea was coined by JohnHerz, 1951 book, Political Realism and Political Idealism.