Thinking & Writing (PSYC2102)

Thinking &amp Writing (PSYC2102)

Kim Jaroszewski

IndividualArticle Critique DUE:

Questions1-11 should be in note format. Question 12 should be in paragraphformat. No more than 1 page for question 12.

ALLQUESTIONSSHOULD BE ANSWERED IN YOUR OWN WORDS!! DO NOT COPY INFORMATION FROMTHE ARTICLE!! Copying information will result in a zero on thisassignment.

Seethe CAC and GAC for more information on where to find the answers tothese questions.

1)Reference for this article in APA format. (Do not provide me with thestudies references)

Englund MM, Siebenbruner J, Oliva EM, EgelandB, Chung CT &amp Long JD. (2013). The Developmental significance oflate adolescent substance use for early adult functioning. DevPsychol. 49 (8):1554-64 doi:10.1037/a0030229

2)What is the theoretical issue or research question that is study isaddressing?

– What psychological processes or abilities are being studied?

Theresearch question in the study was assessing the significance of lateadolescent substance users in the early adaptation to adulthood-abstainers, experimental users, abusers and at-risk users.

3)What background information is needed from this study?

– Definition of terms

Experimental users- refer to the first stage ofdrug abuse in which individuals are motivated by

Curiosity and peer pressure to experience theusage of a particular drug.

Substance users-The term refers to individualswho use or are hooked to drugs usage.

Abstainers- Refers to those individuals who bychoice desist from engaging in a particular

activity or habit.

Adult adaptation- Refers to the ability andcompetency of an individual to engage effectively in areas such as work, relationships, educations and other global involvements

– Important information from studies/theories.

Paststudies and theoretical perspectives indicate that, adolescents whoengage in drug abuse at early age have difficulties in their adultadaptations. Adolescents who abuse drugs experience

-internal and external stress during earlyadulthood

-Anti-social behaviors

-financial stress

-Impairment in general physical and mentalhealth.

-poor work performance

SiebenbrunerJ, Englud MM, Egeland B, Hudson K. (2006) studies revealed that

– Experiences that occur during early and lateadolescents have a significant role in influencing adolescentsubstance abuse

Lynne–Landsman SD, Bradshaw CP &amp Ialongo NS. (2010) studies revealedthat

-substance abusers among the adolescents have asignificant effect on adult adjustments in areas such as

-educationattainment

-mentalhealth problems

-criminalbehaviors

-high-riskbehaviors such as drug addiction

– References that may be useful

Siebenbruner J, Englud MM, Egeland B, Hudson K.(2006). Development antecedents of late adolescent substance usepatterns. Dev Psychopathol.Spring 18 (2):551-71

Lynne –Landsman SD, Bradshaw CP &amp IolongoNS. (2010). Testing a developmental cascade model of adolescentsubstance use trajectories and young adult adjustments. DevPsychopatho. Nov. 22(4) 933-48. Doi: 10:1017/s095410000556.

4)What are the specific hypotheses of the study?

(Include groups compared, measure and prediction)

Lateadolescent substance abuse has salient implications on early adultadaptations

5)What are the Independent Variables? (how were participants or datagrouped)

– How many levels are examined on each IV? (What were the actualgroups)

(forexample: IV=gender…Levels=male v female or IV=condition …levels=experimental v control)

-159 participants were drawn from low-incomemothers

-At age 17.5 participants were grouped on thelevel of substance use

-late adolescent experimenters

-at-risk users

-abusers

-abstainers

-At 26 years the participants were assessed ontheir level of adult competence

6)What are the Dependent Variables (constructs)?

– How are the DV measured?

(forexample: DV=depression measured by Becks Depression Questionnaire

Adult competency on the basis of

-education

-work

-Romantic relationships

-Global adaptations

7)Important subject information

-We are not informed on the gender ofparticipants

-at 16 years participants internalized andexternalized behavior problems

-at 17.5 substances use participants completedhigh school

-regular involvement in romanticrelationships

-good work ethics

-Group comparison indicated that lateexperimenters were better-placed to adapt to early adult life thanat-risk users and the drug users

8)What procedures/materials did they use to reach these findings?

Stepby step, what did the participants do?

159participants were selected from low-income mothers

-Atage 17.5 participants were grouped on the level of substance use

-lateadolescent experimenters

-at-riskusers

-abusers

-abstainers

-At 26 years the participants were assessed ontheir level of adult competence on thebasis of -education

-work

-Romanticrelationships

-Globaladaptations

9)What were the major results/findings of the study? (Hint: look forp&lt.05 in the results section)

-Group comparison indicated that lateadolescent experimenters were better-placed to adapt to early adultlife than at-risk users, abstainers and drug abusers

10)What conclusions did they make about their findings?

The conclusions of the study were that, thereare salient differences in late adolescent experimenters and earlyadult life adaptations.

11)What new information did we gain from this study?

Substanceabuse in early or late adolescent stages has salient implications inadult life adjustments

12)How does this article tie into the article your group presented on?

Howdo this article and the group article help you to answer the questionyou will examine in your paper?

The period between adolescent and thesubsequent transition to adulthood are interrelated. Early or latesubstance abuse in the adolescent stage has a significant impact onindividual adaptation to adult life. Adolescents who engage in drugabuse have salient difficulties in assuming adult liferesponsibilities such as career, marriage, maintain good physical andmental health. However, as the findings of the above articlestipulates, early or late drugs experimentation among the adolescentshave far reaching implications not only in early adulthood but alsolater in life.

Whatinformation do we still not know that you will look for to help youwith your understanding and your paper?

There is less research on the degree to whichadolescent drug abuse would negatively impact on the psychosocialadaptation of adults. However, not all cases of adolescent substanceabuse lead to psychosocial adjustment or effective adult lifeadjustment. There are other variable factors (such as socialdisadvantages and poverty) that could occur in adolescent and haveserious implications on effective adjustment to adult life.

References

Englund MM, Siebenbruner J, Oliva EM, Egeland B, Chung CT &amp LongJD. (2013). The Developmental significance of late adolescentsubstance use for early adult functioning. Dev Psychol. 49(8):1554-64 doi: 10.1037/a0030229

Rohde Paul, Lewinsohn Peter M., Seely John R., Klein Daniel N.,Andrews Judy A. &amp Small Jason W. (2008). Psychosocial Functioningof adults who experienced Substance Use Disorders as Adolescents.Psychol Addict Behav. Vol. 21(2) 155-164.