Theman who shot liberty Valance
Inthe process of film production, various concepts are employed tobring out the illusion, imagery, narrative or the idea intended to beconveyed through the film. Filmmaking takes place in various stagesusing a variety of cinematic techniques that encompasses theapplication of concept art. Concept art in film making creates thefilms theme such as science fiction and fantasy. When Cinematic areused in film production they elicit reality in illusions and tells usmore about what constitutes reality. As such, the art of cinema isused to arouse desire, fears and instincts. In this way, cinematic infilms helps viewers explore their dark depths of human psyche. In thesame way, there is a distinction between the body and the soul, infilms there are distinctions between ideas and the meaning of artworkused. The fundamental magic of films is to fascinate and help peoplemake meaning of reality from the illusions depicted in scenes. Inmost cases, viewers only focus on the meaning and ideas in the filmand material aspect of the film discussed when they relate toparticular ideas in the film. Material aspects have their owndistinct meaning which are separate from the films ideas, plot andthe meaning. Through cinematic materialism more elementary meaning isderived that is beyond the film meaning. In this way people learn thebackground of reality that is dense and more fundamental than thenarrative reality. Cinemas enhance the understanding of today’sworld reality and experience. In this essay I will discuss howcinematic fiction is employed in the film to bring out the imaginaryfunction in the film, Theman who shot liberty valancenarrative but I will also highlight some concepts such as ideologyand melodrama entertainment.DiscussionThefilm, Theman who shot Liberty Valance depictsa couple who arrives at a frontier town for the burial of a localrancher. The film narrative illustrates how an outlawed gang led byLiberty Valance attacks a stagecoach and robs passengers. The gang isalso notorious in harassing city residents. In the end, LibertyValance is shot dead by a man. The film has employed variouscinematic fictions to elucidate how jurisdiction reality could beachieved. The film is an American master piece that encompassesvarious aspects such as ideological and psychological orientation.The film was framed in western genre illustrating the dualitiesbetween the ‘good guys vs. bad guys’ or ‘cowboys vs. Indians.’The film is set at a time when movie directors began to view thewestern in a complex psychological territory. The film theme reflectsthe prevailing American attitude on law and order taking place in awild and unruly land. Ideologically, the film depicts how the westwas changed. In the cinematic fiction, the death of Liberty Valancecould be related to ‘negative liberty’ and the growth of a newliberty concept.Imaginaryfunction is a concept that is distinguishable in the film, Theman who killed Liberty Valance.The film flash back enhances the viewers to make meaning bothpsychological and ideological on the scenes portrayed. The scenes inthe film illustrates the diversity that exists in the societyreligion, morals and traditions. The fight that ensures at thetombstone between the town marshal and the criminal gang exemplifiesnew civilization and taming the American frontier town. The killingof the gang is unforgettable image Dayan, observes that ‘the domainof imaginary creates the effect of reality and helps to transformcinematic images into reality’ (28). The exploitation of imaginaryfunction in films helps to translate statements and objects intoperceived ideologies (Elsaesser274). In the film, Theman who shot Liberty Valance,although Liberty Valance is not an admirable character ‘negativeliberty’ he is nonetheless used to represent ‘liberty.’ Inanother scene, the celebration at the church after the defeat of thegang signifies new society and civilization the film viewers aremade to imagine this scenario through the imaginary function utilizedin the film scenes(Corrigan 343).Inaddition, the film is full of melodrama which has been used invarious scenes to indicate social crisis and popular culture. Thereare several melodramatic scenes that are interwoven with cinematicfiction to create more entertainment. These melodramatic scenes areheavily deployed in the film to indicate the social phenomena in theurban environment where the gang reins. In the film, Theman who shot Liberty Valance,cinematic fiction is encompassed with melodrama make the film morecaptivating. These are cinematic materials enhance the film’s themeas well as enriching the viewer’s imagination (Elsaesser194). For instance, the film starts with a flash back on how a gangled by Liberty Valance attacks Stoddard and other passengers in atrain. Later, a melodrama is shown depicting Stoddard’s shootingpractice and how he kills Liberty Valance. In this way, theincorporation of melodramatic scenes in the film not only helps todevelop the films plot and theme, but also creates entertainmentscenarios for the viewers. The use of melodramatic scenes in filmsbecame an integral aspect in the construction of meaning in thehistory of film making (Elsaesser174). Melodramaticscenes such as fighting, social conflicts and dancing are used toenhance aesthetic qualities in the film. In particular, melodramaticscenes in the film Theman who shot Liberty Valance,makes the viewers have direct emotional attachment as well as makingthe film more spectacular. For instance, a scene is shown whereStoddard buys a gun and goes to Doniphon house to practice shooting,in the shooting practice a dramatic scene is shown where, Stoddardpunches Doniphon for ruining his suit. These melodramatic scenes setthe film narrative in a visual rhythm, audience orientation andpsychic projection. There has been great structural change infanciful dramatic changes in film production to more complex forms ofdramatic symbolism. In modern films such as Theman who shot Liberty Valance, dramaturgicaldevice have been used to set continuous movement of scenes creating arealistic illusion. The characterization of Stoddard and Libertymovements in the film creates thrilling episodes(Stam 123).Furthermore,these melodramatic scenes carry certain stylistic and structuralfeatures that are symbolic. In the film, during the shooting practiceby Stoddard and Doniphon, Doniphon pulls up trickery against Stoddardin symbolism of how Valance would kill him. Elsaesser observes that,melodramatics scenes are effective in cinemas in creating suspenseand creating linear organization of the film plot. Melodramas arealso used to signify tragedies that do not actually happen but makethe spectators have the predicament that something worse wouldhappen. For instance, in the film, when Stoddard accepts to meetValance in the street for the gun challenge, he falters and his gunfalls. In this case, the film viewers are subjected to intensefeelings expecting Stoddard to be killed by Valance. However, Valanceallows Stoddard to retrieve his gun and he fires killing Valance. Inthis way the dramaturgic and cinematic fiction makes the film morethrilling and entertaining(Dayan 24).ConclusionFilmproduction encompasses the application of diverse conceptual arts andcinematic techniques. These concept arts and cinematic aspects helpin enhancing films aesthetic, visual rhythm, plot and the film’stheme. Imaginary function in films helps to translate statements andobjects into perceived ideologies. In films imaginary function helpsto create the effect of reality and helps to transform cinematicimages into reality. Melodramatic scenes in the film not only help todevelop the films plot and theme, but also create entertainmentscenarios for the viewers. The use of melodramatic scenes in filmsbecame an integral aspect in the construction of meaning in thehistory of film making. In the film, Theman who shot Liberty Valance,the concept of entertainment is developed through extensive use ofdramaturgical devices to set continuous movement of scenes whichcreate realistic illusions. Melodramatics scenes are effective incinemas in creating suspense and creating linear organization of thefilm plot. These are cinematic materials enhance the film’s themeas well as enriching the viewer’s imagination. Therefore, cinematicconcepts employed in various films forms an integral part inenhancing the films idea, theme, plot and the entertainment aspect.
CorriganT. ‘Critical Visions in Film Theory.’ UK: Bedford/St. Martin’sPublishers. 2010.
Coursen,D. ‘John Ford’s Wilderness: The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.’Retrieved October 7, 2014, from http//Parallax-View.org
DayanD. ‘The Tutor-Code OF Classical Cinema.’ FilmQuarterly, Vol. 28, No. 1 (1974), pp. 22-31. University of CaliforniaPress
ElsaesserT. ‘studying contemporary American film: A guide to movieAnalysis.’ Oxford:Bloomsbury Academic Publishers.2002.
StamR. ‘Film Theory: An Introduction.’ UK: Wiley BlackwellPublishers. 2000.