Social Stratification

SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 6

SocialStratification

ThesisStatement:Social stratification depends on the social mobility and otherstereotypes such as discrimination and poverty.

Qs.1.Who is poor in the United States in comparison to stereotypes of thepoor?

Povertyis an exhausting, time consuming, and unending struggle of jugglingand only hoping to make ends meet and with no end in sight. Poorpeople have daily stress that ranges from whether to pay rent, payfood to pay bills. They always stressed with uncertainties such assickness, family extra demands and tend to sacrifice to pay for anyadded expense. Poverty robs people a sense of security that destroysself-esteem and hope for the future. More than 46 million people inAmerica tend to live in poverty (Robinson,2013).

Inthe Couleecap’s four-county service, more than 29000 people livebelow or at poverty. The number includes 8600 children living undersame conditions. The report on poverty bases on the U.S. censusbureau. According to the Federal based government, a family of fouris poor only if its gross income is less than $23550. Similarly, afamily of three is poor if the gross income is below $19530. Inaddition, a family of two live in poverty if the total income is$15510 and it is similar to individuals who have $11490 (Robinson,2013).

Thecrisis of poverty restricts one from planning. Most poor people dowhat they have only to meet the survival essential needs. Variousmyths and stereotypes define poverty. Fortunate people, usually, havea tendency of criticizing the poor (Fiske,Gilbert &amp Lindzey, 2010).They relate them to laziness, illiterate and their willingness tomake an adverse decision. Poor people are stereotyped as lazytherefore they lack motivation than wealthier people. However,according to recent studies, poor people work harder than theircounterparts do, and their family at least has one employed parent.The poor people are related to various issues. They are considereddrug abusers, minority issues in terms of race, and they areunmotivated and have weak working ethics (Robinson,2013).

QS.2.What is social mobility? How might you increase your social mobility?What obstacles do you see that might make this difficult? Integratethe article on &quotCollege said to Enrich Disadvantaged Studentsmost.”

Socialmobility refers to the movement of families, individuals, household,or another form of people within a social stratum in a society.Similarly, it is a change in the social status relative to the sociallocation within a given society (Yaish, 2011).The mobility depends mostly on open stratification. Openstratification is a system where some values are given to theachieved status characteristics in a society. Mobility is most oftenrated depending on occupation, wealth, and income. Little mobilityleads to stagnation in opportunity and innovation. For instance, theentire class of persons tends to feel disenfranchised from benefitsof social stagnation.

Socialmobility depends much on education than working hard. In the currenteconomy, workers are required to be more skilled than in the past.The current world seems different to an era when our grandparentsused to work hard to pull themselves up with the help of theirbootstraps. Today, people need education to attain social mobility.However, most poor people cannot afford costs that associate withcollege and degree education. However, students who are less likelyto acquire post-secondary education are most likely to derive thegreatest benefit of the economy. They tend to benefit from earningtheir college degrees (Yaish, 2011).

Studiesreveal that demographic and one academic background determinespotential of one joining college. The Latino, low-income earners andthe black students are prone to impact more on income from theirdiplomas. However, their counterparts from more educated andbenefited families do not get same financial boost after acquiringdegrees. Students that are less likely to join college degree tend tobenefit more from the post-secondary degrees as compared to thosefrom advantaged families.

Theoriesargue that most students weigh costs and benefits of earning degreesbefore choosing to pursue higher education. Students from advantagedbackgrounds see college education as an exception and not as a meansof earning potentiality. On the contrast, those in less privilegedview the other ways. They, usually, seem to have an economicmotivation. The Obama administration enacted an elementary, secondaryeducation act that seeks to ensure no child is left behind infurthering education. The law sets goals that pressurize on gettingall students ready to pursue their college and career by 2020.

Arecent survey on teens and adults reveal that student from highschool that is less likely to enter college come from the moreadvantaged backgrounds (Yaish, 2011).They further had friends with plans to pursue college or educatedparents. Similarly, the African-American and Latino and the lowincome were less likely to attend college. In addition, the malecollege graduates from least likely to enter college earn more thanthose who had not pursued post-secondary education. The results aresimilar to that of females who were unlikely to pursue collegeeducation.

Thecollege graduates who were likely to continue higher education didnot have a big income bump as that of high school diploma holders.High school graduates from, minority, poor and less affluent familiesface tough prospects in job markets as compared to those fromadvantaged families. Those advantages always tend to gain connectionsfrom their parents close friends. Impact in college diploma seemsstronger with low-income and minor groups. However, they may notovertake the most advantaged students.

Qs.3.To what degree are women still discriminated in U.S. society?Integrate the video &quotKilling me softly).

TheUnited States tends to place men and women unequally at differentlevels of social organization. Women face gender stratification morethan men in the U.S. they are ranked unequal depending on the unequalpower, prestige, resources or presumed worth (Belle, 2003). The videoKillingMe Softlyprovides factual, insightful and analysis of the way advertisementsportrays women stereotypically (Thompson,2011).

Thevideo is linked to sexism, identity, gender stereotype, masculinity,and cultural norms. Women are referred to as thin, innocent,beautiful, and sexier. Americans discriminate women basing on thecolor. They are considered beautiful only if they portray whiteideals that are skin, Caucasian features, and straight hair. Theblack women are often in more of jungle settings with leopard skin.Women who are not beautiful tend to face much discrimination from thesociety at whole. They are never given chance to represent theirskills. They are viewed as if they are exotic animals. Similarly, adstend to distinguish older women. They are only accepted if they arethin, young, and white. Women who have contradicted with the laterstipulated features always never play any role in the society(Thompson,2011).

References

BelleDoucet, D. (2003). Poverty, inequality, and discrimination as sourcesof depression among US women. Psychologyof Women Quarterly,27(2),101-113.

Journalof advertising. Retrieved fromwww.Commercialmedia literacy: what does it do, to whom-and does it matter?(22-JUN-07) &quot.Accessmylibrary.com. 2007-06-22,on 16 October, 2014.

Robinson,S. (2013). Markedmen: White masculinity in crisis. https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/minnesota_review/summary/v047/47.newitz.html.

Accessedon October 16, 2004

Thompson,Y. B. (2011). Sociology perspectives 10104retrievd from

www.sociologicalperspective10104/2011/03/18/gender-ineqaulity.html

Accessedon October 16, 2014

Yaish,M. (2011). stratification-and-mobility, Retrieved from http://www.journals.elsevier.com/research-in-social-stratification-and-mobility

Accessedon October 16, 2014