Sampling and Measurement

Samplingand Measurement

Thisarticle is a summary of ethical views from the perspective of junioremployees. The respondents were thirty young Harvard MBA students.The literature summarizes how young managers or interviewees describemoral issues. Besides, it also explores the approach strategies andresolution methods the individuals apply. The authors describe avariety of patterns. First, the young managers claimed that themiddle-managers give obvious guidelines. On the contrary, theyoccasionally experienced powerful organizational stress to complywith instructions they were occasionally illegal, shady or immoral.Second, various corporate ethics plans such as hotlines, codes ofconduct and mission statements, just to mention a few, added littlevalue to the young managers’ daily operation. Third, several youngmanagers were convinced that the executives of the organizations werenot informed on moral matters. They lacked information ethical issuesbecause they were deliberately evading responsibility, or they weretoo busy dealing with other essential management issues. Lastly, theyoung managers mainly used individual values and personal reflectionto solve the challenges they encountered. This implies that theyrarely depend on senior executives’ examples and exhortations,corporate credos, religious reflection, philosophical ideologies, andcompany loyalty. Nevertheless, many young managers participating inthe research asserted that they acquired essential skills concerningtheir respective work field and themselves despite that they paintedtheir experiences as both traumatic and challenging. Since 1995,business crime has significantly reduced as many organizations haveadopted strict ethical values that guide all operations. Both exoticand regular corporate misbehavior are prohibited by various statutoryalmost worldwide (Badarraco &amp Web, 1995). This implies that thepunishment for corporate criminality. In addition, the businessenvironment has experienced a surge of young managers with vastknowledge in ethical experience.


Badarraco,L.J. &amp Web, P.A. (1995). Business Ethics: A view from thetrenches. CaliforniaManagement Review,37 (2): 1-22.