Respiratory Tract Infections

RespiratoryTract Infections

InstitutionAffiliation

ThesisStatement:Respiratory disease is one of the most infectious diseases in theworld.

Respiratorytract infections are on the rise in schools and tend to be the mainreason for most absenteeism. The infections are more of passed fromone individual to another. Respiratory disease is a term used inmedical to describe pathological conditions that affect tissues andorgans. The most affected organs are those that facilitate gaseousexchanges in organisms. The affected parts include the upperrespiratory tract, bronchioles, bronchi, trachea, pleura, alveoli andpleural cavity. These conditions range from very mild to moreself-limiting. For example, they vary from frequent colds to evenlife-threatening entities like lung cancer and bacterial pneumonia(Ellis, 2008).

Respiratorydiseases can be classified in many ways. They may be according totissue or organ involved. Similarly, their classification alsodepends on the cause, pattern, or type of the associate signs andsymptoms. Respiratory tract infection is in two divisions, into lowerrespiratory and upper respiratory tract infections. Typical symptomsof respiratory diseases include chest pains, associated sputum,wheeze, and cough. Upper respiratory tract infections have commoncold as the most frequent disease. The disease encompasses ofinfections on parts such as pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and sinusitis.The lower respiratory entails infections such as pneumonia and mostlydevelop in lungs(Chaitow, Bradley &amp Gilbert, 2013).

Accordingto Chaitowet al (2013), theupper respiratory infections are rarely serious and are due toviruses. On contrary, lower respiratory infections are more severeand affect the breathing tubes and the lungs. Lower and upperrespiratory infections involve prescription of antibiotics for theirtreatment. The innate immunity that helps to clear infectious agentsin the lungs has various factors. They include presence of effectorsT-cells and antibodies, which make the diseases.

Conclusion

Currently,the respiratory infections remain the main diseases affectingchildren. The infections are more disturbing as they affect theschool life of most of them.

References

Chaitow,L., Bradley, D., &amp Gilbert, C. (2013). What are Breathing PatternDisorders? Recognizingand Treating Breathing Disorders,1, 1-34.

Ellis,M.E. (2008). InfectiousDiseases of the Respiratory Tract.Cambridge: Cambridge University.