ThoughI enjoy reading stories on superstitions, I do not believe them. Manyof the modern day superstitions were formed to keep persons fromtaking a certain action. For instance, "Break a mirror andsuffer seven years of misfortune." Other superstitions such as“knocking on wood” were believed to bring luck (Adams, 2003).
TheRomans, Chinese, Greek, Indian and African societies had asuperstitious believe that a mirror had the ability to seize a pieceof the user’s soul. On the off chance that the reflection wasdistorted in any way, it could mean that his or her soul iscorrupted. On the other hand, pagans believed that spirits ordivinities lived in trees, hence knocking or touching them wouldacknowledge them and call upon them for protection againstmisfortune. Learning origin and reasons why individuals believed themand made up such superstitions could reveal the truth and cause aperson to stop believing in those superstitions (Jahoda, 2013).
Hypnosisis a therapeutic method in which therapists make recommendations topersons who have experienced a procedure intended to them focus theirminds and relax.
Eventhough, hypnosis has been controversial, most therapists now agree itcan give significant results. Hypnosis can provide effectivepsychological treatment for a wide range of illnesses, including mooddisorders anxiety and pain. Hypnosis can also help individuals changetheir addiction habits like smoking.
Somegraduate or master`s level institutions may not be convinced of theusefulness of hypnosis or introduce researches supporting its use.However, different schools have introduced clinical hypnosis classes(James et al., 2010).
Sincemost psychologists have never taken a hypnosis class as a significantaspect of their training, they often seek further training later intheir profession. To ensure that psychologists do not end up withfraud instructors, it is recommended that psychologists seekaccreditation in clinical hypnosis from institutions with approved tooffer at least a master’s level degree. Therefore, a psychologistwill be able to provide his or her qualifications ensuring thathe/she is qualified (Erickson et al., 2014).
Ameta-study investigating hypnosis as a quit-smoking device discoveredit had a twenty to thirty percent success rate.
Immediatelyafter hypnotherapy, 49% patients were responders, and 73% hadimproved further at the follow-up, 2-7 years after hypnotherapy (meanfour years). 73% of the responders still utilized hypnotherapy on aregular basis, and the responders reported a more prominent decreasein health-care seeking than non-responders. 87% of all patientsreported that they considered gut-administered hypnotherapy to beadvantageous, and this varied between responders and non-responders(Films on Demand & Films Media Group, 2008).
Whileit creates the impression that practically anybody can be hypnotized,hypnosis does not always achieve great results. It is hazy whyhypnosis does not work for everybody. An individual cannot behypnotized against his/her will.
Afew researchers believe that an individual is born with charactertraits that permit hypnosis to work, while different specialistsbelieve that the ability to be hypnotized is an acquired skill.
Yes,hypnotherapy can be useful during the post-withdrawal phase oftreatment. Hence, therapists can treat cocaine and heroin addictionwith hypnosis. Hypnotherapy, which is also identified as hypnosis, isa technique of inducing a relaxed state of mind to treat chieflyemotional or psychological conditions. Therefore, hypnotherapy can betermed as treatment since it can solely be used to treat addictions,emotional and psychological conditions (Hepburn, 2008).
Theshared characteristic between superstition and phobia is that theyare both irrational fears however, superstition is more identifiedwith good fortune, whereas phobia is more just a strong fear thatleads to avoidance (Frink, 2007).
Adams,G. K. (2003). Psychology:Science or superstition?.New York: Covici, Friede.
Erickson,M. H., & Rossi, E. L. (2014). Innovativehypnotherapy.New York: Irvington Publishers
Filmson Demand., & Films Media Group. (2008). Hypnotherapy.Lawrenceville, NJ: Films Media Group.
Frink,H. W. (2007). Morbidfears and compulsions: Their psychology and psychoanalytic treatment.London: Kegan Paul.
Hepburn,S., & Bodhi Lifestyle (Firm). (2008). Hypnosis.United States: Bodhi Lifestyle.
Jahoda,G. (2013). Thepsychology of superstition.London: Allen Lane.
James,W., James, W., & Oliver Wendell Holmes Collection (Library ofCongress). (2010). Psychology.New York: Henry Holt and Co.