Question-Answers

QUESTION-ANSWERS 4

Question1

Culturalbias entails the tendency of researchers ignoring the differencesthat may exist amid cultures and imposing an understanding on theground of the study of one culture to others. In intelligencetesting, there may be a tendency of cultural bias, which may notbring outcomes that are true of a given culture. This has been acontroversy among the psychologists and teachers because it hindersmaking of appropriate policy decisions (Cardwell&ampFlanagan,2003). For instance, intelligence research plays a significant rolein ensuring that policy makers make the best decisions concerning theamount of funding to be given to educational programs. As such,intelligence tests should be free from any bias, including culturalbias. This is critical in offering academic assistance and improvingeducation.

Theproblem of cultural bias in intelligence tests can be eliminated inorder to ensure that learners get maximum benefits from intelligencetests. One of the significant ways of eliminating the problem entailscarrying out intelligence tests that accommodate all cultures(Cardwell&ampFlanagan,2003). For instance, questions asked should not relate to one cultureonly, but should cut across all cultures.

Question2

Intrinsicmotivation is different from extrinsic motivation since intrinsicmotivation entails engaging in a certain behavior that is personallyrewarding however, extrinsic motivation occurs, when a personbecomes motivated in performing a behavior or activity in order toavoid a punishment or earn a reward (Deci&ampRyan,2002). I believe that age and gender are influences, which tend todrive a person to be intrinsically or extrinsically motivated.However, this is not always the case. This is true because, due of acertain age, a person may be motivated to engage in an activity whilehe/she may not engage in an activity due to age. For instance, onemay be motivated to join a rugby team due to his age and gender menare motivated to join rugby when they are youths and do not engage inrugby when old. On the other hand, one may be motivated to enter intoa particular activity because of gender. For example, a lady may bemore motivated to enter in a cooking competition for the sake ofgetting a reward.

References

Cardwell,M., &amp Flanagan, C. (2003).&nbspPsychologyA2: The complete companion.Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.

Deci,E. L., &amp Ryan, R. M. (2002).&nbspHandbookof self-determination research.Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.