Theresearch question is: An investigation on whether capital punishmentdeters crime. The academic field in which the research takes place issociology.
Thekey question of the research project is: does capital punishmentdeter crime? Specific objectives include:
Investigating the effects of capital punishments among criminals
Investigating the reasons why criminal commit crimes
Crimegrowth has been on the increase in the contemporary society. Therehas been too much leniency which actually has been going hand in handwith accelerated rate of victimization of people. According tostudies, the rate of crime has increased by eleven times between theyears 1960 and 1968. Since then, more and more people are beingassaulted, raped, and robbed as well as being murdered. It isagainst this backdrop that the researcher aims at investigating thefield of crime to acquire credible information to determine whetheror not capital punishment deters crime.
Throughthe use of secondary and primary data, the researcher will furthercontribute to the existing literature on capital punishment. Theresearch will offer greater knowledge of what needs to be done in thelegal system in order to reduce the level of crimes in the currentsociety.
Thisresearch will employ both primary and secondary methods of datacollection. Secondary data collection sources will include the use ofpress releases, newspaper articles, policy statements, peer reviewedjournals, and academic sources. Primary data collection methods willinvolve the use of interviews and questionnaires. The questionnaireswill contain a number of predetermined questions. Interviews will beaccomplished by visiting some Australian correctional facilities.
Limitationsof the Study
Confidentialityand suspicion will be the major limitations which the researcher hasto overcome.
AnckarCarsten. Determinantsof the Death Penalty.New York: Routledge, 2004.
Inhis book, Anckar aims at explaining the aspect of capital punishment.He has categorized the various features widespread in nations whichemploy capital punishment. Anckar has also named the features evidentin those nations which do not employ death penalty. A comparisonbetween the two groups of countries has been done with the aim ofunderstanding whether death penalty has any effect in deterringindividuals from committing crimes. The study has employedstatistical analysis in linking the attractiveness of death penaltyto various aspects including social, physical, economical, cultural,historical, and institutional factors. Research on death penalty hasbeen carried out for non-democracies and democracies in four regions.A comprehensive study has also been done in the United States
DezhbakhshHashem., Rubin, Paul H. & Shepherd, Joanna M. Does CapitalPunishment Have a Deterrent Effect? New Evidence from PostmoratoriumPanel Data. Am.Law Economics Review.5 (2003): 344 – 376.
Intheir article, Dezhbakhsh, Rubin & Shepherd have offered ananalysis of the deterrence effect of capital punishment. Studiesindicate that most states are seeking to understand whether capitalpunishment has a deterrent effect on criminal behavior. To this end,they are re-evaluating their stand on the matter. The authors havescrutinized deterrent hypothesis through the use of nationalpost-moratorium data. The results of the study indicate that there isa strong deterrent impact when capital punishment is used. Oneexecution was found to lead to eighteen lesser murders.
PalmerJan. Economic Analyses of the Deterrent Effect of Punishment: AReview. Journalof Research in Crime and Delinquency,14: (1977): 4 – 21.
Inher book, Palmer provides an economic investigation of the effect ofpunishment on deterrent rate. She puts forth that in the criminaljustice system, whether punishment deters crimes or not is a majorcontentious concern. Palmer’s article aims at familiarizing socialscientists about statistical methods, and theoretical models employedby economists in their study on the impact of punishment in deterringcrime. In general, the piece is useful in the current research as itoffers comprehensive information on the relationship between criminalbehavior and punishment.