Prison Re offenders

PrisonRe offenders

Khan,S., &amp Hansbury, S. (2012). Initial analysis of the impact of theIntensive Alternatives to Custody pilots on re-offending rates.ResearchSummary,5,12.

Thisarticle explores the impact of intensive alternatives to custody(IAC) pilots on the rates of re offenders. AIC pilot program wasconducted between 2008 and 2011 to test whether diverting offendersfrom short term sentences would have an effect on re offending.Although it did not have much effect, it was noted that AIC programsreduced the cases of re offending by 10%. This research can be usedby the government to divert short term sentences to alternativecustody with the intent of reducing the numbers of re offenders.However, the article fails to explain possible alternative custodiesand what sentences should be diverted to such programs. It leaves agap for further research.

Sigurdsson,J. F., Gudjonsson, G. H., &amp Peersen, M. (2001). Differences inthe cognitive ability and personality of desisters and re-offenders:a prospective study among young offenders. Psychology,Crime and Law,7(1-4),33-43.

Thisarticle investigates the cognitive and personality differences withregard to prison re offenders. One hundred and eight young offenderswho were discharged from prisons were assessed psychologically toidentify their cognitive capabilities and personalities. The studyrevealed that 41 percent of the participants were re convicted forserious offenses such violence and property offences. Those whodesisted were found to have a superior intellectual capabilities andcomplaint and pro social characteristics as compared to their reoffenders counterparts. This article argues that re offenders aremore likely to suffer from psychological problems the reason they goback to their offensive activities even after being punished anddischarged.

Vacca,J. S. (2004). Educated prisoners are less likely to return to prison.Journalof Correctional Education,297-305.

Vaccadiscusses the significance of education on re offenders. In hisarticle, Vacca claims that prisoners who attend education programswhile are still in prison are less likely to re offend. Inmates whoattend educational programs have lesser chances of going back totheir criminal lives. Education programs that equip prisoners withsocial skills and strategies to deal with emotional turmoil reducethe rates of re offending significantly. Further, prisoners whoattend educational programs have a great chance of getting a jobafter they are discharged. However, the author the article feels thatovercrowding in prisons hampers the effectiveness of the educationprograms. All in all, efforts to enhance educational programs inprisons play a profound role in preventing cases of re offending.

Lynch,J. P. (2001). Prisoner reentry in perspective.

Thisarticle stipulates that there are a lot cases of prison re entry.Many people who are discharged from prison end up being re convictedfor same or different crimes. This means that the safety of thenation is a risk given that the correctional facilities do notprevent offenders from going back to their crimes again. The authorof the article is skeptical about the rate at which offenders are reconvicted. He gives the following reasons for prison re entryfailure of parole, lack of educational programs participation, andsome lose ties with family for being in prison for many years.Likewise, the areas where these prisoners return to, have minimal jobopportunities thus, ex prisoners are unlikely to get any job giventheir reputation.

Seiter,R. P., &amp Kadela, K. R. (2003). Prisoner reentry: What works, whatdoes not, and what is promising. Crime&amp Delinquency,49(3),360-388.

Theauthors of the article claim that there is a great interest in therates at which ex prisoners are reconvicted. They address this issueby discussing what works and what does not. Several programs such asparole and supervision should be given the importance they deserve inreducing instances of re offending. The research claims thateffective programs for ex prisoners can help greatly in reducingprison re entry.

References

Khan,S., &amp Hansbury, S. (2012). Initial analysis of the impact of theIntensive Alternatives to Custody pilots on re-offending rates.ResearchSummary,5,12.

Lynch,J. P. (2001). Prisoner reentry in perspective.

Seiter,R. P., &amp Kadela, K. R. (2003). Prisoner reentry: What works, whatdoes not, and what is promising. Crime&amp Delinquency,49(3),360-388.

Sigurdsson,J. F., Gudjonsson, G. H., &amp Peersen, M. (2001). Differences inthe cognitive ability and personality of desisters and re-offenders:a prospective study among young offenders. Psychology,Crime and Law,7(1-4),33-43.

Vacca,J. S. (2004). Educated prisoners are less likely to return to prison.Journalof Correctional Education,297-305.