Plant Cell vs Animal Cell Plant cell

PlantCell vs Animal Cell

Plant cell

Animal cells

1.

Cells are physically big

They appear physically smaller than plant cells

2.

A plasma membrane and a strong cellulose cell wall encloses it

A thin and semipermeable encloses the cell

3.

Contains plastids that determine their color. For instance, cells exposed to the sunlight contain chlorophyll that gives them a green color

have melanin that determines skin color

4.

Full grown cells are characterized by big central vacuoles

Contains numerous small vacuoles

5.

Shape varies

Shape is constant

6.

Nucleus located at one end of cytoplasm

Nucleus is situated in the middle

7.

Only lower plants’ motile cells contain centrioles

Centrioles found in most animal cells

8.

Rarely do cells have lysosomes

All cells contain lysosomes

9.

Some cells contain glyoxysomes

Glyoxysomes are ever present

10.

Compact desmosomes and junctions are missing

Compact desmosomes and junctions found between cells

11.

Plasmademosta present

Plasmademosta present

12.

Reserves food in form of starch

Food id stored in glycogen form

13.

Processes vitamins, coenzymes and amino acids plants require

Lacks capacity for synthesizing vitamins, coenzymes and amino acids the body requires

14.

Forms spindles during anastral cell division. This implies that cells are formed without opposite poles’ asters

Cell division creates amphiastral spindle, hence they contain esters at either poles

15.

Cell plate synthesis facilitates cytokinesis

Cytokinesis occurs either through furrowing or construction

The cell wall presence prevents cells from rupturing when they are placed in hypotonic solution

The cells rupture when placed in hypertonic solution because they have no contractile vacuoles

Similarities between plant and animal

Both plant and animal cells have surface membrane surrounding the cell

Both have mitochondria

Both contain nucleus

Both have endoplasmic reticulum

Both have ribosomes

Both contain cytoplasm

References

Yablonski,J. (2005). Plantand animal cells: Understanding the differences between plant andanimal cells.New York: Rosen Pub. Group.