ORGANIZATION OF CLASSES IN CAPITALIST SOCIETIES 6
Organizationof Classes in Capitalist Societies
Organizationof Classes in Capitalist Societies
Thedefinitions and structure of classes is based on the relationsconcerning labor and work, and possession or ownership of propertybased on the means of production. These factors are the ones thatgovern the social interrelationship in capitalism as compared to theearlier societies.
Asocial class refers to a group of people who occupy the same statusin the economic system of production (U.arizona.edu,2014).Within this system, occupation is very significant because it givesmonetary rewards, and benefits for instance health care and stability(Naiman,2012).Classes are classified based on type of job that individuals do, typeof clothing, lifestyle, and the type of cars that they drive. I wouldidentify myself with the middle class in the society. I would locatemy class structure in the society based on economic status of myfamily. For instance, my family belongs to middle class workingfamily. The social variables that define my social class include thefollowing:
Ibelong to the middle class because the annual income for my family is$150,000 compared with other individuals who earn $30,000. There aretwo categories of middle class that is upper and lower middle class.I personally belong to the upper-middle-class because of the economicstatus of my family and my single parent’s level of education(Naiman,2012).
Middleclass comprise of individuals who work as lawyers, doctors, managers,directors of both private and public organizations, and stockbrokers.My single parent works as a director in a public organization.
Middleclass people have studied subjects like medicine, law, management,and business. Upper middle class individuals are individuals who holddegrees or post graduate degrees and they usually earn over $ 100,000and those categorized under lower middle class hold some collegeeducation with household income approximately national median(Udel.edu,2014).It is significant to note that there is no correlation betweeneducation and household income.
Individualsin the middle class aim at protecting the health of their childrenand their own health. They have a health insurance that enables themachieve all this. They usually pay premiums for employer providedhealth insurance and other medical expenses that are not provided bythe insurance. My single parent has worked so hard and attained ahealth insurance for her family.
Myfamily’s social class has changed over the past several generationsthrough social mobility (Naiman,2012).It refers to the capability to change status within a socialstratification system. My family experienced an upward mobilitybecause over the past generations, we shifted from a lower class tomiddle class working family. Initially, my single parent only ownedcollege education that enabled her to earn low levels of income. Helater on went to school and pursued degree education in business andmanagement. Presently, my family belongs to middle class because mysingle parent is a manager in a public organization. This has enabledmy family to earn good income that has improved our economic statusenabling us to live comfortable lives. Based on the fact that myfamily has transformed into middle, it has various aspirations forinstance, economic stability, and comfortable life for their ownchildren, and present lifestyle that enables the family to live acomfortable life (Naiman,2012).
Presently,the economic status of my family has enabled us to go for vocationand it ensures that all children in the family attain collegeeducation (New.edu,2014).My family has plans that are aimed at benefiting its family membersin the next generation. It aims at ensuring that every child attainscollege education because this can enable him to get future economicopportunities. My family has worked hard and it now owns two cars.These cars have played a significant role because it has enabled usto travel to various locations and have a better access to most ofthe preferred activities. I can proudly say that we now belong tomiddle class because we have jobs, housing arrangements, and go toschool.
Myclass position (middle class working family) has impacted my values,beliefs, and opportunities in society in various ways. For instance,I believe that attaining higher education will make become asuccessful person (Naiman,2012). I trust that everything is possible through hard work and I believethat if I work hard and have aspirations, I will shift to upperclass. I also believe that I can achieve happiness through acquiringmaterial possessions. My social class has also impacted my valuesbecause based on the fact that I am in my first year in theuniversity, I am supposed to work hard so that I can get awell-paying job. My social class has also made to value highereducation. Being in middle class has enabled me to be very confidentand optimistic when it comes to achieving something (Naiman,2012).
Ithink social class is related to allocation of power in society invarious ways. For instance, the elite group is charged with theresponsibility of making decisions that affects the lives of a largenumber of individuals in a nation (Naiman,2012).Research indicates that decisions made by the elite group in thesociety are aimed at serving their own economic values and intereststhat entails the means of production and ownership of property. Thesedecisions results in inequality in the society and resentment fromindividuals who are involved in the decision making process (Naiman,2012).Lack of equality of the decision making process and allocation ofpower enables the privileged to enforce their will on those that areless privileged. The ruling capitalist class and the working classare classes in the society that aim at focusing on their own interestat the expense of other classes in the society (Naiman,2012).
Accordingto Marx, individuals who possess the means of material products alsopossess the means of intellectual production because they are theirdecisions that are put into consideration. “In other words, workersunwittingly reproduce the power that rules over them” (Holmes etal, 2007, P. 37).The working class is usually disadvantaged in thesociety because of their attachment to the external world commoditiesand isolating themselves from their inner world referred to asexternalization. This process enhances the interests of capitalistswho hold a strong interest in making sure that the working classremains busy working by using products of their labor. This alsoexplain why the lower class in the society will continue to be poorwhile the upper and middle class will continue to enjoy privilegesassociated with the positions they hold (Homes,Hughes, & Julian, 2007).
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Naiman,J. (2012). HowSocieties Work: Class, Power, and Change.Fernwood Publishing Company, Limited
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