Theeye is protected against infection by the corneal epithelium and theconjunctiva. Moreover, the tear film contains antimicrobials whilethe tear flow itself has a tendency to wash away pathogens. The eyelikewise harbors a host of non-pathogenic bacteria that intenselyforbid new bacteria developing. Nonetheless, these eye-defenses canbe broken by improper tearing, trauma, or contact lens wear thatresults to a contamination. An eye infection debilitates vision, aswell as the circle can go about as a portal entrance to the rest ofthe body and infections can advance to meningitis, systemicinvolvement, and even loss of life.
Thefungal eye infection was connected with Fusarium fungi, normallyfound in natural matter. This and additional types of fungi canattack the eye using different routes, for example, through apenetrating injury brought on by a tree branch. Fungal keratitis is akind of eye disease that made overall news in the year 2006 when acontact lens which is now withdrawn from the market was faced with anoutburst among the persons using contact lens (Zierhut et al., 2013).A hefty portion of the bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses thatcan invade the human body are equipped for invading the surface orinterior of the eye.
Fungalinfections are grouped as primary or opportunistic (Nixon, 2010).Opportunistic diseases are those that develop primarily inimmunocompromised hosts thusly, primary contaminations can developin immunocompromised hosts. On the off chance that a person’simmune system is compromised, it implies that his or her body`sdefense system against infection and illness is one way or anotherweakened or impaired. This implies that that an individual with ahealthy immune system may effectively battle off fungal infections.However, immunocompromised individuals are more likely to get afungal eye infection since their bodies have a weak defense againstfungal infections.
Nixon,R. G. (2010). Communicablediseases and infection control for EMS.Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.
Zierhut,M., Rammensee, H.-G., & Streilein, W. (2013). Antigen-PresentingCells and the Eye.Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.