Microbiology

MICROBIOLOGY 4

Author’s name

Urinary tract infections or what are largely known as UTIs arebacterial infections that affect the urinary tract. However, expertshave pointed out kidney infection as the most dangerous and lifethreatening urinary tract infection. It is, essential to state thatthe infections are sometimes caused by viruses. The infection canoccur on any section of the urinary tract such as the bladder,urethra, ureters or the kidneys (Kunin, 2011). Whereas UTIs are knownto affect people from all walks of life, research has indicated thatfemales are at a higher risk of urinary tract infections than men. Inorder to understand why women are more susceptible to urinaryinfections than men, it is essential to look at how urinaryinfections occur. These infections occur when bacteria enter throughthe urethra and move up to the bladder and can move up to the kidneys(Kilmartin, 2012). Women have a short urethra than men and thereforeUTI causing bacteria can move in quickly.

Bacteria are the major causal agents of urinary tract infections.The bacteria are mainly transmitted into the urethra through from thebowel (Kilmartin, 2012). It is argued that women are at a greaterrisk due to their anatomy. The two main bacteria agents of theinfections are the Escherichia coli and the Klebsiella spp(Kilmartin, 2012). Other bacteria such as Staphylococcussaprophyticus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa present minimal chances ofcontracting the infection.

There are various natural prevention measures of urinary tractinfections. Researchers have recommended that people should takesufficient water per day (8 glasses) and also take water after sex.The vaginal and rectal areas should also be kept extremely clean toavoid urinary infections. Research has also indicated that thewearing of tight underwear traps moisture, which may cause urinarytract infections (Kunin, 2011). It is advised that people should wearcomfortable underwear.

References

Kunin, C. M. (2011).&nbspUrinary tract infections: Detection,prevention, and management. Baltimore: Williams &ampWilkins.

Kilmartin, A. (2012).&nbspThe patients’encyclopedia of urinary tract infection, sexual cystitis, interstitial cystitis. London: Angela Kilmartin.