Mediaand Body Image
Mediaand Body Image
Effectof TV programs on children
Viewingtelevision is one of the major activities that influence children’sattitude and social behavior. Study shows that children will havespent more time on TV programs than school work by the time theygraduate from high school (The American Academy, 2014). Although thetelevision contains some educational and informational programs, someprograms aired by negative role models can affect children’sbehavior, attitude, and health in negative ways (Kail &Cavanaugh, 2013). In addition, children who spend too much timewatching television programs are likely to exercise less, reader alesser number of books, have lower grades, and be overweight (Boyse,2010). In most cases, children tend to believe that the negativethemes (including on which the TV programs are based are safe,typical, and acceptable. Children are mainly affected by the wrong TVprograms because they do not have the knowledge to help themdetermine which programs are right for them to watch.
Unhealthybody image is caused by both the physical and psychological factors.Lack of physical activity or the tendency of an individual to live aninactive life increases the risk of suffering from obesity andanorexia among other health risks (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2013). Inmost cases, people who live an inactive life go for TV and computergames for recreation at the expense of the physical exercise(National Health Service, 2014). Some of the psychological factorsthat increase the risk of negative body image include depression,stress, anger, and boredom (National Institute of Health, 2014). Forexample, some people tend to over-eat when they are depressed, andthese results in the conversion of excess calories into fats, whichin turn results in obesity or overweight. These threats can beprevented by eating a balanced diet, physical exercise,psychotherapy, or medication.
Boyse,K. (2010). Televisionand children.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.
Kail,R. & Cavanaugh, J. (2013). HumanDevelopment: A Life-Span View (6th ed).Belmont: Cengage Learning.
NationalHealth Service (2014). Obesity:Causes.London: NHS.
NationalInstitute of Health (2014). Whatcauses overweight and obesity?Bethesda, MD: NIH.
TheAmerican Academy (2014). Factsfor families’ pages: Children and watching TV.Washington, DC: The American Academy.