Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’sHierarchy of Needs

Maslow’sHierarchy of Needs

Theoriginal Maslow hierarchy of needs comprised of five levels of needs,but it was expanded to include three more categories of needs. Thefirst level of needs is physiological needs, which includes the mostbasic or vital needs that are necessary for human survival. Theseneeds include food, air, and water (McLeod, 2007).

Thesecond level of needs is referred to as the security needs, which arenecessary for one’s survival, but they are not of high demand asthe psychological ones (Frager &amp Fadiman, 2013). Security needsinclude safe neighborhood, steady environment, and health care.

Thethird level of needs is known as social needs and includes a list ofneeds that are considered to be less basic compared to the first twolevels. Social needs include love, belonging, and affection (McLeod,2007).

Thefourth level of needs is referred to as esteem needs and it includesneeds that reflect self-esteem. These needs only become importantonce the needs in the first three levels are satisfied. They includesocial recognition, personal worth, and accomplishment (McLeod,2007).

Thefifth level of needs is one of the categories of needs that wereadded to the original hierarchy and it is known as cognitive needs.Needs categorized in this level include meaning and knowledge(McLeod, 2007).

Thesixth level of needs is referred to as Aesthetic needs and it is alsoamong the newly added levels. This level of needs include the searchfor balance, beauty, and form (McLeod, 2007).

Theseventh level of needs is known as self actualization and it is thehighest level of needs in the original Maslow hierarchy. The list ofneeds in this level includes self fulfillment, realization ofpersonal potential, and seeking for peak experiences (McLeod, 2007).

Thelast level of needs is referred to as transcendence and it is thelast level in the reformed Maslow hierarchy of needs. Needs in thislevel include assisting other people achieve self-actualization.


Frager,R., &amp Fadiman, J. (2013). Personalityand personal growth (7th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

McLeod,S. (2007). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Simplypsychology.Retrieved September 30, 2014, from