Literature Question Section 1





2.Dactylic Hexameter

3.Tower of Babel


5.Antithetic Parallelism




9.Epic Epithet

10.Epic Simile

11.Hymn to Aten

12.YHWH (Yahweh)




16.Analog Mythology

17.Etiological myth


19.Chiastic Parallelism



  1. This is from the book of Job. This statement was spoken to Job by God, when God was challenging Job. God was replying to Job’s worries after he had passed a trial period.

  2. This quote is from the book of Psalms. The writer here, was praising God for who He is he is of the opinion that he cannot fear because the Lord is his shepherd. He recognizes the power of God.

  3. This statement is from the book, Iliad, written by Homer. The statement was a hate speech from Achilleus. The death of Hector made Achilleus furious.

  4. This statement is from Odyssey. In this case, Odysseus was telling of the Lotus eaters and Lands of Cocones as well as the Island of the Cyclops. He was telling the story of his experiences with Polyphemus.

  5. This statement is from the Songs of Solomon. The passage is between a lover and beloved sharing loving words between them. The passage is an expression of the love between the beloved and lover.


Isthe Iliad successful in its depiction of the realities of humanwarfare? (Consider how accurate and how imaginative the descriptionsof war may be.)

Ithink Iliad is successful in its depiction of the realities of humanwarfare since most of the things represented in the Iliad portraysthe realities associated with human warfare. The book portrays humanwarfare as being based on bravery and competence. This is a realdepiction of the human warfare since those that engage in fightsusually base their participation in battle on their competence andbravery. In case humans do not want to engage in fights, they areusually regarded as cowards, while at times, if one does not want toengage in battle because he/she hates fights, he/she is hated bythose who like participating fights. For example, “Paris receivesscorn from the family” for not liking to fight (Homer, 2011).Another reality that becomes well expressed by the Iliad concerninghuman warfare is that it is possible to emerge a winner or a loser ina battle. Whenever humans engage in a battle, there is always a needto find the winner and the loser in order to put the fight to an end.Without finding a winner and a loser, the war is likely to continue.This is what the Iliad has depicted from the start to the conclusionthose fighting either lose or win.

Besides,the Iliad has successfully depicted the reality of human warfarethrough presenting the indication that humans sometimes regret whythe warfare started. This is usually the case because even the mostconfident warriors will become fearful after seeing a horrorfulevent. For instance, in the iliad, a plague is depicted to break outin the “Achaean camp” decimating the army (Homer, 2011). It is atthis point that both armies were seen to regret why the battlestarted.

Inaddition, in most cases, humans warfare are as a result of a certaincause. It is not logical for humas to start fighting without therebeing a justifiable reason that makes them to start the warfare. Thisis the same case that appears to bring battle to the two sides in theIliad both sides had a justified reason of engaging in battle, whichmakes human warfare as a glorious and respectable way of settlinghuman disputes. Furthermore, death is depicted by the Iliad as aconsequence that may result from humans engaging in fights.Sometimes, those fighting end up dying irrespective of whether onewas brave or coward. For instance, in the Iliad “Hector” amongstother characters is killed.

Howare women important to the plot and meaning of the Iliad? (Considerthe roles of 2 or 3 women, choosing from Helen, Chrseis, Bryseis,Andromache, Hekabe, Kassandra, Athene or Aphrodite.)

Differentwomen have contributed to the plot and meaning of the Iliad throughthe roles that they have performed. The role of Aphrodite, Athene,and Hera will be discussed and how they contributed to the plot andmeaning of the Iliad. In the Iliad, Aphrodite is Zeus’ daughter andthe “goddess of love” (Homer, 2011). She has played a significantrole in the Iliad since she helped in building the plot. She appearsin book three, where through acting as the goddess of love, sherescues Paris and brings him to Helen. She acts as an important womanbecause she helps in building the information that follows afterrescuing Paris. In case she did not play the role of rescuing Paris,the story of the Iliad could have changed. Her support of the Trojansand Paris throughout the war is critical in giving a meaning to thewar. Besides, her ineffectual in battle is also critical since ithelps in building up the story.

Atheneis another woman, whose role cannot be ignored in the plot of theIliad. Athene was Zeus’ daughter and had different roles to play inthe building up of the Iliad’s plot. She was a goddess of wisdom, awarrior goddess, powerful friends of the Greeks, protectress ofOdysseus, and patroness of the women’s craft. Her role inrestraining Achilleus from engaging in killing Agamemnon in book onewas critical in developing the Iliad. She has also helped indeveloping the plot of Iliad since she played the role of trickingPandoros, “a Trojan warrior”, in breaking the truce (Homer,2011), which was important for the development of the story. Inaddition, she helped in building up the entire story through her roleof intervening on behalf of Odysseus. This gave meaning to the war onthe side of the Greeks.

Inaddition, Hera was another woman that contributed to the plot andmeaning of the Iliad through the roles that she played. Her action ofinspiring Achilleus in calling an assembly in order to deal with theplague helped in the development of the Iliad’s plot. Besides, sheplayed the role of seducing her husband in order to distract him as“Poseidon aided the Greeks on the battleground” (Homer, 2011).Her actions helped in giving meaning to the battle since she alwaysacted as the patron of the Greeks.


Homer,(2011). TheIliad of Homer.Chicago: Chicago University Press.