Latemarriages among women
Introduction: The demands of a modern lifestyle in a developed world havenecessitated pushing back marriage which has served as a hindrance topersonal development among women when carried out early.
Cause1: Marriage is no longer ranked high as an accomplishment in life.Education, careers and personal accomplishments compete with marriage(Shehan 2003)
Casue2:Higher demand for education increases number of years in school andthus competes with marriage for time (Shehan 2003).
Cause3: Economical reasons such as wedding costs for both gendersdiscourage weddings. Social factors such as risk of divorce and itseconomic costs also deter and delay marriages (Luscombe 2014).
Effect1: advancing gender equality due to better education and betterpaying jobs. Women are increasingly aware of their place and role insociety (Groth 2013).
Effect2: increasing the risk of infertility and pregnancy. Late marriagesthat desire children increase risks of infertility and pregnancyproblems (Shehan 2003 Fritz and Speroff 2012).
Effect3: a higher number of never married women because women are morelikely to miss partners as they age (Luscombe 2014 Fritz and Speroff2012).
Conclusion:The reasons that cause late marriages in women cannot be blamed onwomen alone (Luscombe 2014). Society is changing as a whole and partof the change has been delayed marriages with far reaching effects onsociety both negative and positive.
Today,women are marrying later than ever. This trend has been reported inthe developed world where the average age at which women were gettingmarried a few decades ago has drastically risen. An article in theAtlantic claims that the average age of first marriage among Americanwomen has increased from an average of 20 in 1960 to 27 years in 2013(Barkhorn 2013). The same trend is observable in men whose averagefirst-marriage age has increased from 22 to 29 in the same period.Thedemands of a modern lifestyle in a developed world have necessitatedpushing back marriage which has served as a hindrance to personaldevelopment among women when carried out early.
Marriageis no longer ranked high as an accomplishment in life. A few decadesago, young girls were born and raised to be married and serve theirpartners and families. This notion was passed on from earliergenerations which have been historically grooming young girls to bemarriage partners. Manners, temperament, and dress code were shapedby the need to attract the right partner for marriage. Theiridentities as individuals were nonexistent as they were measured andaligned to that of their partner. As such, young girls looked up tobe wives and doing so at an early age within the appropriate legalage was viewed as a form of success. Today, there are other newmethods of measuring success in women and marriage is not top on thelist. Careers and other personal accomplishments are deemed as bettermeasures of success in life and thus today’s girls are brought upto be successful in other ways than marriage (Shehan 44). For thisreason, they tend to push marriage further away into later stages oftheir lives than before.
Higherdemand for education has pushed up the first time marrying age inwomen. Previously, basic education was considered enough educationfor women whose were to serve as housewives only. Today, thesituation has changed as women go for more education and trainingspending more years in school past their twenties. This is pushed bythe growth for career women who view a good education and career asimportant before committing to marriage. Occupation with theirschooling pushes up the date for marriage as they seek to gain betterskills to position themselves better in the job market (Shehan 45).
Economicaldemands affect marriage timing. Today, the cost of living is muchhigher than it was several decades ago. Commitment in marriage formost people, though viewed as cost saving measure as a result ofpooling resources, is an economic expense. The planning for weddingsand the financial obligations of raising a family or buying a newhouse has forced many women to delay marriage as they try to shore upmore resources to support a marriage. The same case applies to menwho delay marriage to gain a firm financial footing (Luscombe 2014).
Delayedmarriages among women have been very instrumental in advancing genderequality. It has often been reported that the female gender isdisadvantaged in many ways historically from political representationto leadership positions and even pay. Early marriages have tended tokeep women preoccupied with caring for the children and the family atthe cost of pursuing careers and education. Delayed marriages providea reprieve to this situation as more education years for women hasempowered women more politically and financially and advanced thepush for gender equality. More women in such positions underlinegender equality To put this into perspective, college educated womenwho delay marriage until they hit 30 years make $18,152 more annuallythan their college educated counterparts who marry at age 20 orearlier (Groth 2013).
Delayedmarriages are responsible for increasing the risk of infertility andpregnancy problems. Delayed marriages in women are pushing downfertility rates in the US and other developed countries. This happensbecause delayed marriages in women directly reduce the number offertility years available to bear children in women. This is based onthe fact that many women record menopause at the age of 40 with aquarter of women recording menopause at 35 (Shehan 43). Doctors haveindicated that the fertility of women is shorter than men with anaverage of 400 eggs being available for fertilization in a woman’slifetime. Additionally, aging in women weakens abdominal muscles anduterus lining meaning that there increased pregnancy risks asmarriage and pregnancies are delayed (Fritz and Speroff, 1182).
Delayedmarriages are the cause of a higher number of never married women.Studies have shown that the attractiveness of women for marriagedecreases with age. Fritz and Speroff (1138) say that theattractiveness of a woman for marriage at 25 yeas stands at 84% butfalls to 72% at the age of 30 and falls further to 52% at 35. Asconsequence, the number of women who are willing to marry but fail tofind the right partners is high. Luscombe (2014) notes that thisnumber of single people who have never married and who will nevermarry is on a record high in America.
Thereasons why women delay marriages and the effect it has on society isclearly related. A study by Luscombe (2014) shows that 30% ofAmericans singles who are eligible for marriages have not found theright person, another 27% are not financially stable enough and 22%are not ready to settle down. The same study continues to say that ifall marriage eligible women in America were to search for partner, 9%would fail due to the above reasons among others. It is therefore,clear that the modern lifestyle has encouraged or even forced womento delay marriages which have delayed some forms f progress for womenbut in the process has had both negative and positive effect on womenand society at large.
Barkhorn,Eleanor. "Getting Married Later Is Great for College-EducatedWomen." TheAtlantic.
AtlanticMedia Company, 15 Mar. 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.
Fritz,Marc and Speroff, Leon. ClinicalGynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility.NewYork:
LippincottWilliams & Wilkins. 2012. Print.
Groth,Aimee. "People Are Getting Married Later, And That`s Great ForWomen." Business
Insider.Business Insider, Inc, 22 Mar. 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.
Luscombe,Belinda. "Why 25% of Millennials Will Never Get Married."Time.Time. Web. 27
Shehan,Constance. Marriagesand families.New York. Allyn and Bacon. Print. 2003.