JUVENILE DELINQUENCY 5
Juveniledelinquency is the involvement of young people into crime. In mostcountries since 1944, cases of juvenile delinquency have beenincreasing in an alarming rate (Bartollas, 1985). Delinquencyinvolvement by young people depends on the individual, family andeven the nation. An individual may decide to form a gang of fellowage mates so as to disturb the people. Peer influence is also agreater aspect that contributes to delinquency. An individual mightbe influenced by fellow colleagues into delinquency. Bartollas (1985)adds that, family also plays a vital role in determining juvenileinvolvement into delinquency. Some parents lack time to be with theirchildren to teach them morals. Most children are left under the careof house helps who care less about the child behavior. Parent whohave enough time for their children help them grow morally thusbecoming good children who doesn’t indulge themselves in todelinquency. As noted by Perlman (1957), a nation also plays a vitalrole in determining the involvement of juvenile into delinquency. Anation who is poor will not have enough food for its people and thusthe young generation indulge themselves into crime in the name oflooking for a source of living. A country which does not provide jobto its people, will force some children indulge into delinquencysince no job to keep them busy. Idleness will force juvenile indulgeinto drug abuse which in turn forces them to commit crime.
Theorigin of juvenile delinquency behavior can be understood byconsidering the factors discussed below. First and foremost, it isthe sex difference. Males are believed to be more aggressive thanfemales (Bartollas, 1985). The aggressiveness of males make most ofthe males indulge into juvenile delinquency behavior. The fact thatmost men are masculine encourages men to participate in violence forthem to prove their manhood. Being powerful, aggressive and daring,becomes a way of young men to express their bravely thus involvingthemselves into crime (Shoemaker, 2009).
Thesecond factor that helps in understanding the juvenile delinquencybehavior is the racial difference. It is believed that the blackpeople are more likely to involve into crime than the white. Sincethe blacks come from the poor nations, there is no enough food andthus forcing themselves to indulge into crime. The involvement ofyoung people into crime can also be encouraged by minimal monitoringby the parent. Many parents are believed to be busy looking for foodand thus no enough time to talk to their children. Harsh parents alsocontribute to juvenile delinquency. Children fear harsh parents, andtherefore, they will not ask for anything from that parent butinstead look for their own means of getting them (Bartollas, 1985).
Theconcept of international trend helps explain the juvenile’sbehavior. There are no any evident documents that tend to explain theincreasing rate of juvenile delinquency. However, As noted by Perlman(1957), it is believed that juvenile delinquency has been increasingsince World War II. Although few countries like Japan and USArecorded a decreasing rate, most poor countries such as Kenya, Ugandaand Ethiopia have been experiencing an increasing juveniledelinquency rate till date (Shoemaker, 2009). There is however noproving of the exact rate. International trend however tends toexplain the juvenile behavior. Delinquency as a legal status tries toexplain the behavior of a juvenile (Shannon, 1968). Delinquency inmost countries for children less than seven years is allowed. It ispossible for a child bellow seven years to misbehave but it ishowever the parent’s responsibility to ensure that that the childlearn manners. For children above seven years, delinquency is neverlegal for they are accused to the courts of law. A suspected childmay be taken to court and no evidence proving him guilty and thiswill make him being referred delinquent by many people families,friends, neighbors or even teachers (Shannon, 1968).
Thereare various strategies geared towards preventing delinquency. Sincethe main causes of delinquency is determined by one own behavior,nations have decided to come up with courts of delinquency behavior.The juvenile is taken to court and accused. If he pleads guilty, apunishment is passed by the judge. Heavy punishment poses a threat toany juvenile out there who might be thinking of committing the samemistake. The courts pass judgment from the evidence they have. Ifthere is no enough evidence the juvenile is released with no charges.Many young generations are afraid of facing the law courts and whenthey realize their friends are held in custody, they will amend theirbehaviors and abandon friends whom they think will make them commit acrime. This will have an impact on an individual name since he willno longer be viewed as delinquent. The nation will also attain a goodtitle since there will be reported a high decrease of juveniledelinquency which will attract other nations to acquire the same ideaof delinquency. It is therefore vital for every nation to havejuvenile delinquency courts in order to cub the issues ofdelinquency.
Bartollas,C. (1985). Juveniledelinquency.New York: Wiley.
Perlman,I. R. (1957). Reporting . Crime& Delinquency,3(3),242-249.
Shannon,L. W. (1968). Scaling . Journalof Research in Crime and Delinquency,5(1),52-65.
Shoemaker,D. J. (2009). Juveniledelinquency.Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.