J201 Oral History Project

J201:Oral History Project

Outline

  1. Sound recording:

Whatrecords did you listen to?

Whatkind of record player did you have? Where was it in your home?

Wasthere any kind of music you were not supposed to listen to? If sowhy?

Howmuch did a record cost?

Wheredid you buy your records?

Howdid you find out about new artists?

Whatdid your parents think about records and record players?

Howimportant was recorded music to you for entertainment?

Howimportant was recorded music to you for socialization (influencingyour behavior and attitudes)?

  1. Radio:

Whatdo you remember about your experiences with radio?

Whatkind of radio did you have? Where was it in your home?

Doyou remember anything about early radio commercials?

Whatkind of programs did you listen to? Did you listen alone or withothers?

Wasit a local station? Did it focus on your community? Do you rememberthe Deejay?

Didyou listen to AM or FM radio?

Howimportant was radio to you for your entertainment?

Howimportant was radio to you for socialization (influencing yourbehavior and attitudes)?

  1. Television:

Whendid you first start watching TV? What kind of TV programs?

Whatwas the viewing experience like? Alone or social?

Whatkind of TV set did you have and what factors figured into itspurchase?

Whatwas reception like?

Howdid your family use TV?

Whatdo you remember about TV commercials?

Howdoes the television from your youth compare with television today?

Whatwere your favorite TV programs when you were young? Why?

Howimportant was TV to you for entertainment?

Howimportant was TV to you for socialization (influencing your behaviorand attitudes)?

Interview

Ageof Interviewee: 79 years

Contact:

  1. Sound recording:

Whatrecords did you listen to?

Duringmy younger years, there were very little about recorded music.However, we listened to songs such as “Please Please Me”, “Lucyin The Sky”, “Sergeant Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club” by theBeatles and The Rolling Stones hits like “Everybody Needs SomeoneTo Love”, “You Can’t Catch Me”, “Down Home Girl”, “ICan’t Be Satisfied”, and many others I cannot recall.

Whatkind of record player did you have? Where was it in your home?

ThePye G63 was the record player of the time and there was also aPhilips Automignon player for cars.

Wasthere any kind of music you were not supposed to listen to? If sowhy?

Duringthe period of World War II, there was some music that was banned.Music that spoke about militaristic or were overly patriotic wererejected by the public during this time.

Howmuch did a record cost?

Ican’t tell exactly how it cost because I did not own a recordplayer.

Wheredid you buy your records?

Therewere various music stores, but the one I remember is His MastersVoice a British record store.

Howdid you find out about new artists?

Informationabout new artists was mostly available in radios mostly during chartcountdowns. I remember hearing about the Beetles, a group that madesignificant influence with their music in the 60’s in radio.

Whatdid your parents think about records and record players?

Myparents did not have concern for recorders or recorded music theywere okay with the music that was being played on radio. That’s whyI did not have much experience with recorders and recorded musicduring my younger years.

Howimportant was recorded music to you for entertainment?

AlthoughI did not have a record player or recorded music, I used to go tosome of my friends house where we could play popular records like theBeetles records.

Howimportant was recorded music to you for socialization (influencingyour behavior and attitudes)?

Well,I would say that it made me socialize. We could sing along the songsthat played in a record player, repeat over and over again so that wecould perfect our understanding of the song. If someone knew a song,they felt so confident with their friends. No one wanted to be leftbehind.

  1. Radio:

Whatdo you remember about your experiences with radio?

Theradio was the perfect source of entertainment, news and information.I remember when I was very young I could listen to news and musicdedicated to the WWII. After the way, in the 1960s when I was ayouth, the radio experience was fantastic in terms of entertainingand for information.

Whatkind of radio did you have? Where was it in your home?

Ihad a transistor radio that I had acquired from savings over a longperiod of time. M parents had a table top wood radio that was bulkyand I wanted something different for my own. I bought a portabletransistor radio.

Doyou remember anything about early radio commercials?

Yes,I do. Commercials were interesting and remained in our heads as kidsfor quite a long time. I remember one for Pepsi Cola in the 1950’sthat was very catchy. It was song about Pepsi Cola’s quenchingability.

Whatkind of programs did you listen to? Did you listen alone or withothers?

Asa kid, I listened to music programs as there were no much programsdedicated to children. But there was this particular program thataired on Saturday morning called Uncle Mac, it played music dedicatedto children and I loved it.

Welistened as a group of children, we were not at school on weekendsand it was a perfect moment to enjoy together and sing along ourfavorite songs such as Tubby the Tuba, The Runaway Train, UglyDuckling, Peter and the Wolf among others.

Wasit a local station? Did it focus on your community? Do you rememberthe Deejay?

Didyou listen to AM or FM radio?

Thestations were national stations they did not focus on a particularcommunity. I cannot recall the presenters. The frequency was AM. FMis a modern thing.

Howimportant was radio to you for your entertainment?

Radiowas everything in entertainment. A day would not pass withoutlistening to Radio. It killed the boredom at home, informed andentertained a great deal. One could enjoy even when alone.

Howimportant was radio to you for socialization (influencing yourbehavior and attitudes)?

Theradio provided various forms of information especially oncommercials. The commercials influenced the buyers behavior and aproduct that was advertised had great reception by the people.Everyone wanted to be associated with a brand that was advertised inthe best manner.

  1. Television:

Whendid you first start watching TV? What kind of TV programs?

Istarted watching television in the early 50’s. I think I was about14 years or so. I used to watch virtually every program that aired. Iwatched the news bulletin, soap operas, documentaries and sports.

Whatwas the viewing experience like? Alone or social?

Wewatched television as a family or with neighbors who did not have atelevision set in their houses. It was more social.

Whatkind of TV set did you have and what factors figured into itspurchase?

Wehad a 21 inch GE Hoffman TV. There was no much choice into buyingthis TV I guess it was current and others were outdated. However theprice was affordable as compared to a 24 inch of the same model.

Whatwas reception like?

(Laughing),television reception during the 50’s was not even comparable totoday. One had to mount a huge antenna on a tall tower to receivegood signal.

Howdid your family use TV?

TVwas the center of the home. We would all meet in the evening afterday’s activities, watch news bulletin together and a favorite TVshow thereafter.

Whatdo you remember about TV commercials?

TVcommercials were as interesting as today’s. They were catchy anddominated the consumer’s mind. But I think they were direct unliketoday where elements such as sexism are used for commercials.

Howdoes the television from your youth compare with television today?

Televisionfrom my youth was quite different from today. The TVs during my youthwere majorly black and white, poor reception and with no variety ofstations. Toda however we have better TVs, plasma, LEDS with perfectreception thanks to cable TV services and pay TV services. TVs todayare more than TVs, they have many functions, we have internet TVs,TVs with HDMI and so man functionalities that makes a TV somethingelse from what we had in our youth years.

Whatwere your favorite TV programs when you were young? Why?

Myfavorite programs included the after school programs such as “TheHowdy Doody Show”, and “American Bandstand”. They were verypopular with the younger people. I also enjoyed watching familyprograms in the evening like “I Love Lucy”, “Your Hit Parade”,“The Jackie Gleason Show” to mention a few.

Howimportant was TV to you for entertainment?

Ithink TV was an important entertainment tool in the family. Iremember at times power would go off or we had poor reception fromextreme weather incidences, it was boring to be without watching a TVfor a day.

Howimportant was TV to you for socialization (influencing your behaviorand attitudes)?

Televisionplayed a significant role in the social life of people. We wouldlearn new pop culture through TV just as the youths of today havetheir Hip-Hop culture today learnt through television. We also learntwhat was trending in fashion, style and other social aspects.