ISB208L –GlobalizationAssignment [20pts]
Forthis assignment you are going to conduct Internet research toidentify whether other places in the world are experiencing a similarproblemto what you identified as a problemwithyour project topics, and also see if solutions are being proposed orimplemented elsewhere.To complete this assignment you need to have aclear understanding of the problem you are investigating for yourprojects. Everyone in your group will conduct their own research andthen you will have the opportunity to share and discuss yourfindings. Allwork must be hand-written (-5 pts if typed).Dueat the beginning of class next week.
Step1: What is the ‘problem’ you are investigating
Clearly describe the problem your group is investigating for your food and the environment project? In this step make a clear connection between the food industry and environmental issue being observed. The more specific you are here the easier and more meaningful your Internet research will become. (2pts)
Theobjective of this assignment is comparing how various sources ofcarbon emissions travel from one distributor to multiple partners.For example, the home lighting and air-conditioning are major methodsfor reducing carbon emissions, but the research will focus more onhow healthy sources of energy such as food contribute to carbonfootprint that cause climate change. The U.S.A has very high carbonemissions associated with foods through transportation, high meatconsumption, and wastage, which yields high amounts of carbondioxide.
Step2: Internet research
Hereyou are trying to identify if this problem(s) has been, or is beingexperienced, elsewhere in the world. For this assignment,‘elsewhere’ in the world refers to another country. Your goal isto find a comparable story to what you are investigating for yourgroup projects. Answer the following questions and complete thisworksheet based on your research. You are required to consult atleast 2 different Internet sites to complete this assignment and listthe sources at the end of the worksheet.
Where else is this problem being experienced? Be specific with the country and locations.(2 pts)
Denmarkis another developed country in Europe that experiences the sameissue of high carbon footprint resulting from wasted food harvest,high meet consumption, and distribution chain. According FAO,livestock production contributes 18% of carbon emission in the world.USA and Denmark tops the list of high meat consumption at 122.3 and114.8 per capita (2000 KG). In addition, food transport in thenations is concentrated in given regions, thus transportation roadtransport contributes to over 70% of food transportation from regionto the other. Lastly, Danes are sensitive to expiry dates,freshness, and they also have abundant food supply, thus largeamounts of food often are wasted (Wakeland et al., 2012).
Clearly state the similarities and differences to the ‘problem’ you are investigating. (2 pts)
Carbonemissions from food in both USA and Denmark are similar becauselivestock and road transport contributes huge amount of carboncredit.
Onthe contrary, carbon emissions in Denmark have decreased by 19% since2007 while the United States carbon emission has increased by 7% fromthe same date. This implies that Denmark has established stringentmeasures intended to reduce carbon released from the food relatedindustries.
What kinds of data were collected or being reported (i.e., qualitative, quantitative), and did they use statistics (quantitative reasoning) to analyze their data? You may need to continue searching the Internet to find some of this information. (4 pts)
Theinformation used in reporting the food carbon emissions isqualitative because offers focused information on a given percentage.For example, data from meat and trucking has been analyzed usingquantitative techniques since the figures are represented inpercentages. On the other hand, the report on “food wastagefootprint” features qualitative data based on facts gathered fromfood productivity across the globe.
What solution(s) were proposed or implemented to address this problem? (2 pts)
TheFood and Agriculture organization has proposed reducing livestock andmeat consumption. The organization has recommended that countriesthat still depend on road transport for significant transportation oftheir food products should adapt to green transport technology suchas electric trains and hybrid cars. Lastly, the FAO has urgedrespective governments to establish granaries and food productiontechnology that would reduce food matter wastage (Food andAgriculture Organization, 2013).
Comment on whether this solution(s) would be appropriate for your specific ‘problem’. In your answer, explain why and why not. (4 pts)
TheFAO carbon emission reducing techniques are not effective becausethey do not address the root cause of food wastage. Instead, thegovernment should educate farmers on effecting farming methods andtechnology. They should also provide capital to small-scale farmersso that they can invest in effective food growing technology such asusing the recommended chemicals, canning slaughtered meat, and foodpreservation in the program. Efficient preservation techniques canassist to reduce food that goes to waste because of poor storagetechnology (Food and Agriculture Organization, 2013).
List and describe the two sources used to find this information. Provide the link and a short description of the source of information. In your short description try to identify whether the authors are unbiased or might be influenced to represent a particular side of this story. (4 pts)
Wakeland,W., Cholette, S., & Venkat, K. (2012). Food transportation issuesand reducing carbon footprint. Food Engineering Series. Web.Retrieved on October 13, 2014 fromhttp://www.cleanmetrics.com/pages/Ch9_0923.pdf
Theauthors assert that food transportation to different regions lead tohigh release of carbon footprint. In summary, the authors believethat the US and other developed nations such as Denmark can reducetheir food carbon emissions by using clean transport system of foodsfrom region to another. For instance, companies can use electricrailway system. Besides, the authors are also biased that if humanscan adopt taking given diets that emit low carbon footprint, theycan effectively reduce total global emissions resulting from foods.
Foodand Agriculture Organization, (2013). Food Wastage Footprint: Impactson natural resources. United Nations Organization. Web, retrieved onOctober 13, 2014 from http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3347e/i3347e.pdf
Bios:this source is a qualitative and factual resource that asserts thatfood waste and global food losses contributes significantly toenvironmental pollution. The authors are influenced to represent theassertion that if the amount of food present on earth today can beused effectively without wastage, humans can massively cut on carbonemission release into the environment.