Implications for the Future Paper Air Pollution


The environmental issue observed is air pollution. It occurs whensolid particles and gases mix and disperse in the air. These includechemical substances, particulates, among other dangerous objects. Thecommunity is urban and progressively advancing hence, air pollutionnegatively affects all inhabitants. Air pollution results in climaticalterations, reduces the quality of life for both humans and animalsand has a negative impact on the surrounding. This paper discussessome of the many approaches applicable in enhancing constructiveenvironmental behavior to deal with air pollution. It explains howthe positive and negative aftermaths of air pollution enhancepro-environmental conduct. How technology affects the surrounding andlast, environmental policies, and their influence.

Approach to endorse positive environmental behavior

Industries and vehicles are the major sources of air pollutionwithin a community. The gases emitted from both enhancecardiovascular morbidity and death, particularly in regions wherecardiovascular illnesses are common (Barrett, 2012). People need tolive in an environment where they feel that they are not exposed tohealth risks. This brings to light the significance of effectivestrategies that enhance positive environmental endeavors. Suchstrategies minimize the gases and other substances released to theair.

Social awareness is one of the strategies. People need informationon how they cause air pollution. Although it may be presumed thatindividuals are aware that releasing gases to the atmosphere causespollution, research notes that people do not really understand theseriousness (Barrett, 2012). Social awareness should target majorindustries within the community. Industries, through theirmanufacture of products release harmful gases. Notably, most of theseindustries are located close to residential and business premises.Awareness ensures that they comprehend their role in exposingcivilians to health risks and are willing to take any applicablemeasures in reducing effluence. For instance, following awareness,industries may shift their manufacturing units to regions that aresparsely populated.

Positive behavior can as well be enhanced through implementation ofregulations prohibiting the emission of harmful gases to thesurrounding. Regulations naturally deter people from engaging inactions considered unlawful. This is because people are apprehensiveof the consequences arising from not following the set rules, whichmay include serving jail terms or closure of industries. Takingaction to enact laws communicates the concern for the environment. Italso communicates the need to reduce air pollution. Thus, thestrategy alters behavior and procedures, which contribute towardsrelease of hazardous fumes to the air.

Positive and negative consequences in increasing pro-environmentalbehavior

The positive and negative aftermaths of air pollution depict thecapability of enhancing pro-environmental actions in specificmanners. It is odd to perceive that negative aftermaths can enhancepro-environmental demeanor. Negative consequences enhancepro-environmental behavior by prompting those affected by airpollution to take measures towards safeguarding the environment.Inhaling of air pollutants result in respiratory infections inaddition to affecting the lungs. Following prolonged exposure totoxic fumes, human mortality may occur. Climate change is anotherchallenge that communities facing air pollution have to deal with(Holgate &amp Brunekreef, 2002). The negative consequences encouragepro-environmental conduct as people feel the need to safeguard theenvironment. Negative consequences of air pollution may causepunitive sanctions for persons and companies that fail to takemeasures to reduce toxic gases into the air (Liao, Amar, Tagaris, &ampRussell, 2012). Hence, the negative result of sanctions results inresponsibility towards stopping air pollution in turn resulting topro-environmental behavior.

Positive consequences enhance pro-environmental actions when peoplecomprehend that solving the negative impacts of air pollution resultsin positive results. An illustration is the use of alternative meansof transport apart from vehicles that emit fumes to the atmosphere.Industries that recycle reduce the amount of gases emitted to the airduring manufacture of new products. This applies to cases where theproducts in question can be recycled. As a result, the behaviorendorses people to act in pro-environmental manners in furtherreducing the negative effects of air pollution.

Technological advances impact on the environment

Technology has made life easier through its many inventions. It hasbecome a major part of daily life. However, technologicaladvancements have contributed hugely to the enhancement and reductionof air pollution. An illustration of technological development, whichhas resulted in reducing air pollution, is the manufacture ofelectric vehicles. Hybrid electric cars use a traditional interiorcombustion engine for propulsion, as well as an electric one (Kazmi,2012). The object is to minimize gases emitted by vehicles, as is thecase with cars using fuel. Cars are a major cause of air pollutionthrough the gases they release when moving. Although vehicles havemade movement to different regions easy and fast, emissions fromcombustion engines comprises carbon monoxide and other gases thatdeplete the ozone layer, triggering climate changes. If more peoplebegin using electric vehicles, the result is that lesser hazardousfumes will be released to the environment.

Electricity is a major technological advancement, which has changedpeople’s lives in many ways. People use electricity to cook, work,and clean among other uses. However, power lines cause air pollution.It is not possible to see visible gases released from power lines.High voltage power lines draw air, which comprises of hazardousparticulates. As electricity runs through the lines, air ionizationtakes place. Ionized air when inhaled increases the concentration offree radicals in the respiratory system. This results in prematureaging, possible cancer development and tissue damage.

Environmental Policies

Environmental policies are commitments made by organizations andpersons in setting rules. The rules are meant at outlining actions toundertake in conserving the environment by reducing pollution (Steg,2013). The policies positively people to act in manners that do notresult in air pollution. Most of these policies authorize legalaction to be taken when organizations or specific persons fail tocomply. For instance, a policy may direct all manufacturingindustries to use electricity in powering their machines, in place offuel. This is because electricity reduces the amount of poisonousfumes released in the atmosphere. An organization that does notadhere such regulations may be shut down. Hence, environmentalpolicies deter air pollution.


The release of hazardous fumes to the environment poses serioushealth threats to civilians. In addition, air pollution is a majorcontributor towards climate change. Social awareness has depicted itseffectiveness as a strategy towards enlightening people on the needto conserve the environment. People become aware of how their actionsenhance air pollution, endorsing behavior change towards moreenvironmental friendly actions. The electric vehicle is onetechnology civilians can adopt in reducing air pollution.Administrations should also enact stringent environmental policies asan endeavor towards reducing pollution as much as probable.


Barrett, J.R. (2012). Air pollution intervention. EnvironmentalHealth Perspectives, 120(3), 1.

Brunekreef, B., &amp Holgate, S. T. (2002). Air pollution andhealth. The Lancet, 360(9341), 1233- 42.

Kazmi, S. K. (2012). Hybrid Electric Vehicle. Pakistan &amp GulfEconomist, 31(39), 40-42.

Liao, K., Amar, P., Tagaris, E., &amp Russell, A. G. (2012).Development of risk-based air quality management strategies underimpacts of climate change. Journal of the Air &amp Waste Management Association, 62(5), 557-565.

Steg, L. (2013). Environmental psychology: An introduction.Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.