CANADIAN SOCIETY 5
HasCanada Become A ‘Postindustrial’ Society?
HasCanada Become A ‘Postindustrial’ Society?
Apostindustrialsocietyrefers to the growth phase in a community whereby the service sectorbecomes more reliable than the manufacturing industry in the economy.Daniel Bell popularized the post-industrial society ideology in his1974 book that he called The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. Since1945, Canada has become a ‘postindustrial’ society (Bell, 2008).
Industrialsocieties refer to economic systems that primarily depend onmanufacturing finished products using machinery. The social systemsignificantly transformed the United States and Europe from 1850s to1950s through replacing animal and human labor with machinery. Thesocieties experience fast growth since they are constantlyintroducing new and advanced machineries. The machinery enables a fewpeople to do agricultural production that was previously done byseveral people. Rural-urban migration is high as people move to thecities to work in the established industries. The life expectancyshot up because of improved living standards and medical technologies(Weber, 2009). The specialized jobs make the division of laborcomplex. The industrial state is achieved, but the country cannot beassigned with the class. The social institution of kinship and familyis neglected in the background. Each family is a division ofconsumption. The nuclear family settings become popular as the jointfamily system breaks down. People adopt several and competing beliefsand values thereby, diminishing the religion influence. The rich andthe poor gap widens consistently while the state acts as the centerof power in industrial societies (Bell, 2008).
Postindustrialsociety refers to a community with an economy that mainly depends onthe provision of service-oriented income to sustain its economydevelopment instead of depending on physical products manufacturing.Since 1945, Canada has gradually shifted its focus on providingservice-oriented income generating businesses. Before 1945, theCanadian economy was mainly dependent on manufacturing physical goodssuch automobiles, airplanes, and electronic goods among other bulkymachineries. Nonetheless, the economic balance has shifted toproviding expertise services such as education, online shops, andtourism. Second, the human capital becomes more marketable in theservice provision. This implies that the economy is supported by thepsychological, biological, social, and cultural complexity of humansas they interrelate in the economic and unequivocal deals. Third,innovation and invention is the main strategy for the development ofthe economy. Presently, a high income in Canada comes from incomefrom expatriates working across the world. Besides, the countryoutsources professional services such as technology, machinery,managers, and technicians either locally or internationally (Weber,2009). Fourth, the automation and globalization processes enhance theimportance and value of the blue-collar economy, as manual labor andother unionized works such as assembly-lines decrease. On thecontrary, the professional workers such as IT professionals,scientists, and creative-industry experts increase in prevalence andvalue. Several professionals in Canada are specializing in providingexpertise services, research, training, and innovation of advancedtechnologies. In fact, the number of manufactured industries has beendecreasing since 1945. Lastly, postindustrial cities emphasize ondeveloping information and behavioral technologies and sciences. Someof the essential technologies implemented include cybernetics,behavioral economics, information theory, game theory, andinformation architecture (Bell, 2008).
Theworking condition in Canada has significantly transformed frommanufacturing physical products to offering services. Similarly,virtual services are becoming popular. Many people often work fromhome or other distant locations instead of the traditional officesettings since the internet technology facilitates online laborservices. The employment in the tertiary sectors is growing at afaster rate than in the primary and secondary production levels. Thisimplies that knowledgeable employees are valued in the economiesbecause most of the jobs available require specialized skills (Bell,2008). On the contrary, the manufacturing sector makes a smallcontribution towards the economy development. The social power thenshifts from the state to the hands of the young and educatedindividuals. In summary, the present Canadian economy mainly dependson income from providing services to other businesses. Examples ofthe services include sales of goods, transport, distribution,research, invention, entertainment, pest control, medical care,education, and providing expatriates (Regehr & Kanani, 2006).
A“postindustrial society” is a suitable description for thepresent Canadian community social system because its economyprimarily depends on providing professional services. The incomegenerated from the service sector has significantly surpassed themanufacturing industries. In addition, the nation has establishedmany education institutions that have helped over 50% of thepopulation to acquire at least a college certificate that can securethem a service-oriented job. Similarly, the nation has been closingits inland manufacturing plants and relocating them to overseasdestinations, such as China, since they can manufacture the productsat a cheaper cost(Regehr & Kanani, 2006). In addition, the richand the poor difference has drastically decreased. The education gaphas assisted in reducing the wide income gap between the rich and thepoor. The working class has unions that advocate fair wages among allthe working groups in Canada. The primary method of developing theCanadian economy has been developing ideas that are later used in thegeneration of income (Bell, 2008).
Weber,M. (2009). TheTheory of Social and Economic Organization.Simon and Schuster.
Regehr,C., & Kanani, K. (2006). Essentiallaw for social work practice in Canada.Don Mills, Ont: Oxford University Press.
Bell,D. (2008). TheComing of Post-industrial Society.Basic Books.