Meritsand Demerits of Federalism and it suitability to the government of anon-federal country
Federalgovernment is a central government in federal states. It is alsoknown as a national government in sovereign countries. The federalgovernment structure varies from one institution to another. Manyfederal states have created autonomous regions through delegatingpowers from the central government to the local or state level. In afederal government, the central states more of override state rules.Federal governments have hierarchy levels including both the stateand central authority being sovereign. The federal governments facevarious disadvantages and advantages in contrast to its idealimportance (Burgess,2013).
Thefederal government ensures that the country has political stability.The security arises from the removal of the national government fromvarious contentious issues. Similarly, the federal governmentencourages pluralism among its citizens. Constitutionally, the UnitedStates federal system consists of the national government and fifty.Cities according to the Supreme Court are not part of the federalsystems states (Caporaso,Durrett & Wesley, 2014).However, this is not an efficient and easy to understand thepolitical system, rather it consists of virtues. Every state has itsown political, economic, and social problems peculiar to the stateitself. Federalism, therefore, offers the representation of differentpopulations. For instance, in Arizona its schools teach in bilingualdue to the large population of the Hispanic.
Federalismtends to be the most attractive and suitable political systems inmost countries such USA. The decision for selecting federalism isonly a preference as there is no possible alternative. Arguably, theindividualities of states through forming the article ofconfederation that lead to widespread of state government loyaltylead to the rejection of the unitary systems. In most cases, foundersof federalism consider it as a perfect tool for uniting the nation.According to Burgess (2013), federalism plays a key role inrepresenting people at both local and national level without any formof discrimination.
Recently,various opinions have been aired out on whether federalism serve andstand out as the best political system in countries like UnitedStates of America. Deliberation tends to prove that countries thatadopt federal system of governance are hardly perfect in their dailyadministration. Federalism has more significant advantages than theunitary state systems. However, it also comes along with somedisadvantages that need to be reviewed. Federalism has moreadvantages such as that of distributing power amongst the states.Federalism is an initiative that rose from the aspect of eliminatingthe unitary systems’ as a threat to freedom (Harris& Lemieux, 2014).
Although,countries such USA developed the federal system, they did choose theright method. The method is not the right one to serve the diversityand the largeness of the USA. The United States has a more of diversein its development and culture (Caporaso,et al., 2014).
Federalismensures that the states provide better services to its citizens theservices include the provision of waste management, leisure places,public management, and safety. The factors make the governments workeasier and efficient. Similarly, federalism promotes the contributionof the public to the local and state policy. Additionally, thecitizens can indulge in various political changes that take place intheir society. For instance, there are many volunteer commissionsthat citizens can indulge in such commissions aim at electing lawmakers. Volunteer commissions taking part in electing lawmakers. Theparticipation facilitates influence on the city and governmentdecisions.
Federalgovernments encourage the innovations of the terms relevant forimprovement of the political systems. Studies reveal thatapproximately 88000 local and state governments in the United Statesrepresent ‘laboratory of democracy.’ The name tends to emphasizethe capability for quick problem solving and developing of newstrategies that improve political systems. Similarly, the developmentof services and political system enhances life quality. Adoption offederalism based on the combination of both police forces andcitizens. It aims at reducing the crime rate within the statesneighborhoods. In addition, it facilitates improving relationshipbetween the police and the people (Burgess,2013).
Federalismaims at improving the relationship between police and citizens.However, it seems that little is being realized in the securitysector in most federal governments. Laws in terms of child supportguidelines and capital murder seem to differ in various states in theUnited States. The difference result to the discrimination of theindividual states citizens (Harriset al., 2014).
Countrieswith a number of states face difficulties in the improvement of thegovernment services and solving the problem in quick ways. Thesesituations can affect attempts of developing nationwide responses.For instance, the tragedy of the hurricane Katrina represents theproblematic situation the USA faced because of its federal systems.The disaster is a result of lack of quick decision-making andcooperation of the federal authorities and government. The disasterleads to many problems such as costing life of the innocent citizens(Peterson,2012).
Oncontrary, although the federal systems have many advantages anddisadvantages, they still remain as one of the outstanding and idealpolitical systems within the federal governments. Distribution ofpower within both local and national governments brings muchdisagreement amongst citizens in federal governments. They claim thatthe desire for freedom and diversity lead to the federal governmentsystems adoption and not the citizens’ rights. However, the federalsystems remain a flexible system since its adoption in the 1787 inthe articles of confederation (Burgess,2013).Scholars argue that the European constitution should in futureincorporate more elements about federalism than it is today. Othersargue that the federal states should improve on the coordination androle of the central government as it is today whereby the role issubsidized. Citizens and other scholars have various assumptions onfederalism. They argue that federalism does not create mobility ofcitizens. They believe that mobility of citizens renders the incomeredistribution and thus provision of goods (Peterson,2012).
Criticsargue that federalism faces various downfalls. They includeprevention of the creation of the national policies. Federalcountries such as the USA do not have a single policy. For instance,the United States has fifty-one policies that often lead toconfusion. Secondly, they also face lack of accountability forassigning of blame on failed policies. Similarly, critics argue thatthe federal systems cannot function well due to citizens’ignorance. Citizens tend to know little about their local and stategovernment. They do not turnout during local elections day. Forexample, only 25% of residents in the America turnout for localelections. They ignore the state and local governments as if theycannot affect their life. However, they fail to know that nationalsystems no matter of its disadvantages still plays a vital role inthe people’s lives.
Burgess,M. (2013). A conceptual reappraisal of federalism. RoutledgeHandbook of Regionalism and Federalism,45.
Caporaso,J. A., Durrett, W. N., & Wesley, R. B. (2014). I. BriefComment on Formalism and Federalism Literature.New York: Barons Press.
Harris,C., & Lemieux, S. (2014). AQAA2 Government & Politics Student Unit Guide New Edition: Unit 4AThe Government of the USA Updated.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Peterson,P. E. (2012). ThePrice of Federalism.Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution Press.