Gnosticismcould be viewed as early Christianity’s main competitor. In thiscase, there stand various differences between the two competitors.First and foremost, according to Gnostic, life on earth for a man onearth was homeless. He was an exiled soul. On similar lines,Christianity believes God created a home for man. He gave him theGarden of Eden and in it, man should not hunger but eat the fruitsfrom the trees except of the middle tree1.
Secondly,the Gnostics believe that the world was created with splendor andlight without darkness, a world with pure goodness and no evil andalso a world with eternal life with no death. In Christianity theworld was created with day and night, with stars to shine in thenight when it is dark. It is also believed that evil entered into theworld when man disobeyed God and that’s where punishment came. Eventhough differ in some way, they agree inmost places too.2
Accordingto the thinkers in unit 4, I agree with the stoics teachings that noone can change what is inevitably given to us in life by fate. It’supon us to control on how the fate is inevitable. For example, it isknown to most people success is achieved from hard work and a lot ofsacrifice. People should accept that roots of success are bitter butthe fruits sweet. Instead of looking for ways of changing it, theylook for cheap and easy ways of attaining their success.
Raschke,Carl A., James A. Kirk, and Mark C. Taylor. Religionand the human image.Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1977.
King,Karen L.. Whatis Gnosticism?.Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.
1 King, Karen L.. What is Gnosticism?. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.
2 Carl Raschke, James Kirk, Mark Taylor, Religion and the Human Image, (Englewood Cliffs,
NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1977), 82.