Fire Prevention and Education Article Critique


FirePrevention and Education: Article Critique

FirePrevention and Education: Article Critique

Fireprevention has been pointed out an important activity in our society.Homes, businesses as well various places where people work, haveimplemented fire prevention strategies. This paper seeks to review anarticle by Higgins,Taylor and Francis, titled “A Systemic Approach to Fire PreventionSupport” published in the SystemicPractice and Action Researchjournal. The authors are of the view that fire prevention effortshave been touted as an effective way through which fire managementand rescue services can be improved. Their study sought to find outhow effective a multi-paradigm system to fire prevention can be.Higgins, Taylor and Francis (2012) propose a model that combinesinterpretivists soft systems approach and scientific statisticalmodeling. In their findings, they point out that the multi-paradigmsystem proved to be an effective tool in analyzing unintentionalfires in dwelling places which in turn aid in targeting fireprevention.

Higgins,Taylor and Francis (2012) are of the view that fire prevention is ofgreat importance, especially in the dwelling places. They point outthat effective strategies that would ensure minimal property damageas well as the safety of those at risk need to be developed. Theyrecognize the risks associated with fire and the resulting smoke andargue that suppression strategies such as high-pressure water as wellas sprinklers in buildings may result to substantial property damage.They are in support of community fire prevention strategies, pointingout that more countries are quickly adopting them. Most dwellingfires are accidentally caused, but some are intentionally caused.Higgins, Taylor and Francis state that the soft system analysis iseffective in identifying the casual factors for accidental fires indwelling places while the hard system makes it possible for ageographic information system helpful in fire prevention to bedeveloped.

Higgins,Taylor and Francis (2012) discuss a number of issues presented in thecoursebook. They identify the risk associated with poor fireprevention strategies and point out the need for the public and otherstakeholders to be involved in fire prevention efforts. As much asthe study proposes a model that promises to be effective, it does notanalyze other strategies and pointing out the weaknesses that othermodels have in fire prevention. The study does not take intoconsideration public education and how it can improve the efficiencyof the fire prevention model they propose. However, the studyidentifies the important role that policy operations play in fireprevention. The article successfully identifies the risks associatedwith poor fire prevention strategies pointing out that apart fromnegatively affecting the occupants of a facility, it property damageas a subsequent fall in the bottom line profitability of businessesaffected. Fire prevention efforts have come with great budgetaryconstraints to most fire departments as well as local governments. Higgins, Taylor and Francis (2012) point out that their two and ahalf year study has proved that the multi-paradigm model is costeffective. However, further research needs to be done in order toascertain the effectiveness of the model they propose.

Inconclusion, Higgins, Taylor and Francis (2012) argue in their articlethat the multi-paradigm model of fire prevention is effective inpreventing fire in dwelling place. The study does not analyze theeffectiveness of the model in industries and other businesses andfails to analyze the weaknesses presented by other models previouslysuggested by other researchers. However, it points out thatimportance of fire prevention policy as well as public education infire prevention.


Higgins,E., Taylor, M., &amp Francis, H. (2012). A Systemic Approach to FirePrevention Support.&nbspSystemicPractice and Action Research,&nbsp25(5),393-406.