ELDERLY ILLNESS AND MEDICATION 6
ElderlyIllness and Medication
ElderlyIllness and Medication
Mentalillness is a condition that interferes with an individual’sthinking, feeling, and mood, aptitude to relate with assortedindividuals, and the way a person functions on a day-to-day basis. Inaddition, they refer to health disorders that often result in adeteriorated capacity for an individual managing with their regularlife issues. Medication is the usage of recommended drugs to cure apatient. Various types of mental illness affect the elderly peoplesuch as dementia, delirium, psychosis, depression, and Parkinson.Different medication can be used to treat the disorders or controlthe symptoms found in the condition.
Firstly,dementia is a mental illness that affects the brain of an elderlyperson. It leads to behavior change, hallucination, memory loss, andimpedes a person’s capability to reason and talk. In addition,dementia may lead to mood depression and the person having problemswith carrying out motor functions (Beck & Alford, 2009).Sometimes people confuse these symptoms with depression and normalaging. Most of these conditions miss early detection due to theincreasing deficiencies demonstrated by the patient masked by a lovedone’s compensation. There are different types of dementia thataffect the elderly, for example, Alzheimer. Most medicationadministered is for treating the symptoms that generate from theunderlying dementia, for example, depression, sleeping disorders, andbehavioral aggressiveness. However, they do not cure dementia itself.
Secondly,delirium is another mental disorder that affects the elderly peoplemainly women. It makes them sensitive to issues such as theharmfulness of different drugs, operation, anesthesia, and variousinfections such as a urinary tract commonly in women (Beck &Alford, 2009). Most of the symptoms are misdiagnosed that cause it,as they are similar to other conditions that affect the human body.Some of the symptoms cause the patient to have a sudden reduction intheir ability to tolerate, concentrate, or change attention. Inaddition, the patient’s conscious is distressed, they havediminished judgment, sudden beginning of misperceptions, and adecreased or an increased motorized movement (Berge, Shuster &Roenn, 2006). For correct treatment, the doctor is required toestablish the underlying cause first. The doctor can conclude thefindings of the patient when the electroencephalogram test showsslowness in brain`s activity. Patients suffering from delirium thenare given haloperidol to try to decrease the symptoms.
Thirdly,psychosis is a mental disorder, also known as bipolar disorder orschizophrenia. Bipolar disorders involve episodes of depression,which are then followed by mania episodes. Excessive activities, lackof sleep and grandiosity sometimes accompany Mania episodes (Grant, &Potenza, 2007). A good example of bipolar illness is manicdepression. Schizophrenia is a collection of mental illnesses thatinclude turbulences of mood, thinking, and behavior. The patientssuffering from it sometimes have misconceptions, diminisheddecision-making, and hallucinations. Bipolar disorders affectapproximately one percent of the entire population. They are easilyconfused with other disorders therefore, the patients’ needscareful examination before treatment is commenced (Berge, Shuster &Roenn, 2006). Schizophrenia is a condition that mainly affects women.The treatment administer to the elderly people suffering fromschizophrenia is similar to the treatment administered to otherpatients with the same disease. Elderly Patients suffering frompsychosis may also be suffering from dementia disorder or deliriumillness. Therefore, the doctor is also required to treat themsimultaneously. However, a minor difference is that in the elderlypatients the doctor is required to treat depression that may arise.However, the younger individuals are not likely to suffer fromdepression because of schizophrenia (Berge, Shuster & Roenn,2006).
Fourthly,Parkinson is a mental disorder that arises when certain brain cellsbecome impaired or die. It is affects men more than it does women.The symptoms of the disease are noticed when around eighty percent ofthe neurons are damaged. Examples of signs linked with the ailmentare persistent body balance challenges, diminished memory, trembling,depression, rigidity, problems with speech, shaking of hands, moodsdisorder, and sluggish movement. It is not easy to recognize theinfection among the elderly people because blood tests and x – raysdo not show the state. However, magnetic resonance imaging and bloodtests can be used to remove other illnesses (Grant, & Potenza,2007). The state of the disease in old patients is progressive andirreversible, since science cannot be able to grow new cells that aredamaged by the disease. However, several treatments can be used tocontrol and treat its symptoms (Beck & Alford, 2009). Forexample, doctors can use therapeutic options.
Fifthly,depression is another disorder that is commonly found in the elderlyespecially women. Medical research has proven that almost a third ofdepressed patients go untreated because they lacked properexamination from their doctors (Berge, Shuster & Roenn, 2006).Common indications include difficulties related to self-esteem,libido, appetite, memory sleep, concentration, movement, guilt,agony, and sometimes they have suicidal plans or attempts (Grant, &Potenza, 2007). Causes of depression vary depending on personaldamages experienced in rapid order and medical conditions.
Instancesof health situations that can lead to depression are sexualdysfunction, diabetes, heart failure, cancer, and rheumatoidarthritis. In addition, another factor that can lead to depression isthe medication drugs given to the elderly patients (Grant, &Potenza, 2007). Some examples of such medicine are anti-cancerremedies, anti – inflammatory remedies and progesterone (Berge,Shuster & Roenn, 2006). The prescriptions that can be used toimprove depression among the elderly patients are anti-depressants.Nevertheless, there are some negative effects of the drugsadministered to the elderly patients such as dry mouth,sleeplessness, confusion, weight fluctuation, blurred visionconstipation, problems holding urine and sexual dysfunction. On theother hand, the side effects can be overcome by changing themedication dosage or replacing it with a different drug (Grant, &Potenza, 2007).
Fromthe above, it is obvious that the elderly people are affected bydifferent mental illnesses that interfere with the way they think,behave, and do different things for their day-to-day survival (Berge,Shuster & Roenn, 2006). Some of the disorders are detected easilywhile others are not. Most doctors sometimes may not be able todiagnose the disease because of it similarities with other relateddiseases (Grant, & Potenza, 2007). In addition, some of theconditions may not be determined through normal x-rays and bloodtests. Doctors can use medications to treat the condition. However,in some cases the illness does not have a cure. Therefore, thedoctors can only treat the symptoms associated with them. It is alsoapparent that particular medications prescribed to treat thedifferent ailments affect their body and can lead to different mentalconditions.
Beck,A. T., & Alford, B. A. (2009). Depression:causes and treatment(2nd Ed.). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Grant,J. E., & Potenza, M. N. (2007). Textbookof men`s mental health.Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Pub.
Berger,A., Shuster, J. L., & Roenn, J. H. V. (2006). Principlesand practice of palliative care and supportive oncology.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.