DRUG SUPPLY AND DEMAND 4
Drug supply and demand
Supply and demand reduction are strategies that have been used fordecades to reduce the production, manufacturing and consumption ofdrugs in the United States. The concept of supply reduction involvesapplication of various strategies and measure to interrupt anddismantle the manufacturing processes of a particular product (Wilson& Kolander, 2011). Supply reduction also aims at breaking downthe various supply chain that the product in question uses to reachthe market. In the United States, the government has used thistechnique for many decades in the fight against drugs. The governmentuses the military and law enforcement officers to destroy themanufacturing processes and the supply chains of the drugs.
Some of measures of supply reduction include boarder interdiction,prosecution and the destruction of plants that produce drugs such ascocaine. Although supply reduction has not achieved tremendoussuccess in reducing drug usage in the USA, research has indicatedthat these measures were significantly useful in the 1980s. Duringthis period, there were huge amounts of drugs that were interdictedat the boarders. It is clear that such drugs were intended for theblack market in the United States (Wilson & Kolander, 2011).Colombia has been in the limelight for the wrong reasons in America.It is estimated that half of the marijuana that used in America isgrown in Colombia. Additionally, cocaine is largely produced in thiscountry and later smuggled into the United States. As a result ofthis, the crop eradication programs focused largely on this country.It is also in the public knowledge that some of the well-known drugtraffickers have either been indicted or convicted. However, despitethese measures, the demand for drugs has continually escalated. Thishas led to even more deaths and addicts in the United States. Whereasthe supply reduction measures have been useful, it is clear that theyhave not been sufficient in dealing with the problem drugs.
Demand reduction, as opposed to supply reduction, refers to thevarious measure by the government to reduce the desire for particularproducts such as drugs by the member of the public. Researchers hasstated that reducing the demand for drugs is a sufficient tool todealing with problem of drug abuse amongst the American population.This is because the measure does not involve any foreign country andtherefore the measures can be applied efficiently (Wilson &Kolander, 2011). A reduction in demand would automatically push awaythe suppliers, as well as the producers.
Anti-drug advertisements are a major concept of reducing the demandfor drugs. For instance, the printing of images of the infectiousdiseases that are caused by smoking being printed on the packets.Education on drugs is a significant demand reduction procedure in theUnited States. These campaigns on drugs should be enhanced in schoolsto educate the learners on the dangers of drugs (Wilson &Kolander, 2011). Law enforcement by the federal and state governmentsis a pivotal demand reduction element. The government must be toughon the people found possessing illegal substances.
Extensive campaigns against drugs on the media should be sponsoredand monitored by the government. The general public should beeducated on the dangers of using drugs. This would significantlyreduce the demand and the desire to abuse the drugs. Although thisdemand reduction campaign has not achieved tremendous success inreducing drug usage in America, it is evident that if effort was tobe made, it would significantly change the war on drugs (Wilson &Kolander, 2011).
Wilson, R. W., & Kolander, C. A. (2011). Drug abuseprevention: A school and community partnership.Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.