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Alearning contract among the adult learners has gained logic over thelast decades. Knowles (1986) has led to the development of someeffective mechanism by adult teachers to assist the learners todetermine learning needs and also develop their experience whileconducting learning activities. Learning contract is crucial becausewhen an adult learns something on their own, they understand it moredeeply than when taught. However, it offers a chance for negotiationbetween the learner’s needs and interests and also externalexpectations and needs.

Stepsfor designing a learning contract

  1. Diagnosing of learning needs

Itinvolves identifying the gap of where you wish to be and where youcurrently concern certain competencies. For example, as a healthscience student I would wish to increase my knowledge on how healthcares system function and be able to apply it in real life. Acompetency consists of several things such as attitude, skill,understanding and knowledge (Hiemstra &amp Sisco, 1990). In thisstep, one can develop a competency model that is needed to undertakethe excellent role. For example, as a health student I can developcompetence as a health officer, and can be attained throughconsulting my supervisor or my friends.

  1. Learning objectives

Inthis step, I will include what I hope to learn in my class in orderto satisfy my learning needs. The objectives include:

  • To understand various learning theories and their relationship with health education.

  • To be able to explain learning assessments or evaluations.

  • To gain understanding of the importance of a learning contract.

  • To examine technology and other educational trends and how they are connected to the health care.

Step3 Learning resources and strategies

Forthe objectives to be attained, I need some resources both human andalso material such as supervisor or a helper to guide me during thelearning process. Moreover, I need some stationery such as books forreference and also computers to assisting while learning activities.The objectives would be achieved after proper utilization of thoseresources and may be by consulting colleagues in the same professionand also teachers (Galbraith, 1990).

Step4 Target dates for completion

Thelearning process in my case is required to take about twelve weeksthat is equivalent to three months. At the end of this period, I hopeI would have achieved my objectives.

Step5 Evidence of accomplishment

Itoffers a confirmation that the objectives were attained through useof different strategies and resources.

Step6 Reviewing of contract with a consultant

Thereviewing of contract would be done with the help of my supervisorand my friends to determine whether my objectives are clear andrealistic.

Step7 carrying out the contract

Itis doing what the contract calls for to ensure that the objectivesare achieved.

Step8 evaluating my learning

Inthis step, I would assess whether what I intended to learn isachieved, and it will be done by use of consultants.


Knowles,M. S. (1986). Usinglearning contracts. SanFrancisco: Jossey-Bass.

Galbraith,M. W. (1990). Adultlearning methods: A guide for effective instruction.Malabar, Fla: R.E. Krieger.

Hiemstra,R., &amp Sisco, B. (1990). Individualizinginstruction for adult learners: Making learning personal, powerful,and successful. SanFrancisco: Jossey-Bass.