Critical Review on Genetic Technology



CriticalReview on Genetic Technology


AllisonWilson, Ricarda SteinbrecherPh.D and Jonathan Latham, Ph.D. (2004) ofthe UK-based Econexus.Where: The report on GenomeScrambling-Myth or Reality, by a non-profit public interest researchorganization, reveals that genes placed in plant cells cause adesired but widespread mutation throughout its genome. However,because of the limited understanding on D.N.A, not every outcome onforeigngenetic insertion can be predicted. Consequently, the healthrisks associated with the technology outweigh all perceivedbenefits.Who: Allison Wilson, Ph.D., Jonathan Latham,Ph.D. and Ricarda Steinbrecher, who are scholars in the AmericanAcademy of Environmental Sciences. No guarantee is given for thepredicted outcome, but the report indicates that the mutations’ mayaffect an individual positively or negatively. When:Although the report was last reviewed in 2010, Jeffrey Smith (2011)later advices doctors to prescribe non-GMO foods to the patients. Itis a clear indication that the results from different fields arecontradicting.What: Thereport bases its argument on an experiment by advocates of geneticengineering who claim that the technology is predictable, safe andprecise. Based on the acquired resistance to pests by the plant underexperiment, the article suggests the process to be integrated intohuman beings being a “simple process” anyway. However, monstrousrisks are overly associated with genetic engineering. A variety ofunwanted results may occur such as overproduction of toxins,reduction of nutritional quality in plants and a change in the way anorganism reacts to the environment.How: I was disappointed thatno major sources were cited. Moreover, a sense of ignorance can beattributed to the report because a single mutation has the ability toinfluence many genes.This makes it difficult to certify therecommendation. In summary, further tests areneeded for the recommendation to be valid. The consumer possessesevery right to know what to engage in and where it comes from.