Crimecan be prevented through crime prevention through environmentaldesign and crime prevention through Problem-oriented policing. Crimeprevention through environmental design entails a multidisciplinaryapproach, which aims at deterring criminals from engage in criminalactivities. This entails changing the physical environment of thecommunity. Crime prevention through problem-oriented policing is apolicing strategy that entails highlighting and assessing the precisecrime activities and thus develops effective strategies to preventthe evident trait or criminal activity. These two crime preventionstrategies are effective even though they too, have their demeritsand merits. This essay evaluates the effectiveness of crimeprevention through environmental design (CPTED).
Accordingto Ortmeier (2013), CPTED is very effective when the criminal isinconvenienced and thus cannot engage in criminal activities. Theeffectiveness is realized when the design process uses input of allthe stakeholders in the community. These stakeholders include theland managers, law enforcement officers, community activists and theenvironmental designers. The community must work hand-in-hand withthe above-mentioned stakeholders, and therefore make the community asafer place to live. According to Casteel and Corinne (2000), in theUnited States of America, a well-implemented CPTED resulted toreduction of robberies by a range between 30% and 84% depending onthe region. It is imperative to note that effectiveness of CPTED incrime reduction results to reduced crime prevention costs. It can becostly to retrofit the existing environmental design to meet therequirements of CPTED however, CPTED requirements should beincorporated in the original environmental design of a community,which makes the operational cost low.
Crimeprevention through environmental design and crime prevention throughProblem-oriented policing are both strategic ways of crime preventionthat uses different approaches. CPTED is effective when all thestakeholders play their role in achieving a common objective ofmaking the community a safe place to reside.
Casteel,Carri and Corinne Peek-Asa. (2000)Effectiveness of crime preventionthrough environmentaldesign (CPTED) in reducing robberies. AmericanJournal of Preventive Medicine, 18(4S), 99-115.
Ortmeier,P.J. (2013). Introductionto security: Operations and management).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.