CRIME AND DEVIANCE
Crimeand deviance is one of the most contentious topics in contemporarycriminology that helps answer significant questions that thediscipline has been unwilling and unable to confront. All over theworld crime has become a norm that governments are trying to reducein order to ensure that people’s securities are not compromised bythe perpetrators of such crimes. However, it has become difficult tounderstand how crime and the other serious deviance happen (Akers,2011). Moreover, understanding about the parameters of crime anddeviance help to offer a progressive route away from the currentintellectual impasse. Carrying out intensive research on crime anddeviance will enable people to have an in depth understanding about,and the occurrences of the prevention measures and the gaps that arecontributing to its existence. The study will help restart a verycrucial debate concerning the connections between crime and anincreasingly volatile and predatory global social order. Studyingcrime and deviance will also act as a persuasive case, which willbring back capitalism and help the society understand why people doharm to one others in the society (Akers 2011).
Althoughthere are many psychological and biological explanations about crimeand deviance, so many gaps exist in that research. The most prevalentchallenges facing crime and deviance are the security administratorswho are compromised in terms of intelligent, ethics, physical andpersonnel security, terrorist organizations, transportation,classified information and border security issues. All thesechallenges when they are presented to the security administrators atonce, they become a hazard and therefore it becomes hard to ensurethat everything is under control. The changing forms of crime anddeviance mean that there should be other alternatives to counter theproblem. However, many institutions that have been given thatresponsibility are dragging behind in implementing the necessarysteps required to solve this problem. Deviance mainly comes intoplace because most of the institutions provided that the mandate havebeen unable to bridge the gap between the goals set to fight devianceand the ability to achieve those goals. There are also other socialproblems that limit the success of eradicating crime and deviance,and they include teenage crime, racism, unemployment, discrimination,poverty and domestic violence. Social problems are harming thesociety and promoting crime and deviance.
Conclusionsthat are likely to be made about crime and deviance are that crimeand ethnicity are leading to a higher crime rate. Mixing of valuesand cultures that are created by a smaller society with differentideas of deviance are transforming from generation to generation.Other findings that are that family disruption, poverty and ethnicdiversity are causing social disorganization that in turn is beingconnected with delinquency and crime. Single parent homes are notalso left behind, and they are correlated with high rates of juvenileviolence. Crime and deviance is likely to continue if people are notempowered economically. Poverty has been among the causes of crimeand deviance. One of the ways to counter the menace is governmentensuring that they empower their citizens economically so that theycan shun away from crime (Sampson, 2010). It is undeniable thatsocial and economic factors are the main causes of crime anddeviance. Some of the common theory that describe society are notdenoting any positive functions related to society especially intrying to eradicate and minimize crime and deviance. Racial andsocial economic issues are overshadowing the need for morality withinamong people. It is also important to note although most crimes areassociated with the underprivileged community the crimes of thepowerful and wealthy remain under punished and this is costing theorganization (Sampson, 2010). The wealth should be also heldaccountable for their actions that promote crime and deviance. Theunderprivileged should not be the only group that is targeted forcrime and deviance.
Beforeconducting the research, it is first important to identify theopportunities and the issues that are likely to come about incollecting data. By doing that conducting an internal and externalassent of the crime and deviance will help review the reasons forthis menace. Secondly selecting issues and opportunities that willhelp in the setting of goals for the research (Brown, 2009) thirdlyplanning an approach and the methods to be used in data collection isimperative. The data collection methods may vary depending on anumber of factors that include the resources, the context, complexityof the issue or opportunity selected (Balkan, 2012). Data collectionis critical, and several methods may be used such as questioners andsampling. However, during data collection several matters must bepaid attention to such as determining who will collect the data,identifying the technology, logistics and resources and lastlyprotecting privacy and personal information. Lastly, it is importantto analyses and interpret data collected in the most appropriate toensure that conclusions are not misguiding, and they represent thedata collected (Balkan, 2012).
Akers,R. L. (2011). Sociallearning and social structure: A general theory of crime anddeviance.Transaction Publishers.
Balkan,S., Berger, R. J., & Schmidt, J. (2012). Crimeand deviance in America: A critical approach.Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
Sampson,R. J., & Laub, J. H. (2009). Crime and deviance over the lifecourse: The salience of adult social bonds. AmericanSociological Review,609-627.
Sampson,R. J., & Laub, J. H. (2010). Crime and deviance in the lifecourse.AnnualReview of Sociology,63-84.