CAREER DEVELOPMENT 4
Careerdevelopment refers to a continuous lifelong process in whichindividuals develop experiences that focus on obtaining and seekinginformation about self, as well as educational and occupationalalternatives (Zunker, 2012). One of the most interesting careertheories is developmental theory of career development as explainedby Donald Super.
Brown& Lent (2013) confirms that developmental theory focuses on thebiological, sociological, cultural, and psychological factors thatinfluence one’s career choice, withdraw from certain careers, andchange in career. According to Super’s developmental self concepttheory, one’s career choices are influenced at various stages oflife. As people grow and become more realistic and stable, theirvocational choices change. Career maturity occurs when the stage ofdevelopment and vocational behavior agree. These stages includegrowth (birth to mid teens) exploration (teens and early 20’s),establishment (mid 20s to 40s), maintenance (40s to 60s), and decline(late 60s). People have different capabilities, interests, values,and needs, which qualify people for different occupations. Further,as people grow, their self concept and vocational preferences changeover time as they learn new skills, change their preferences, and gettired of routines. Therefore, every individual sets his/her own goalsand master them at various levels. The more people become exposed,the more they are likely to make mature vocational choices. People’soccupations play a great role in one’s life. Careers help people inidentifying who they are. This is because career occupies much of aperson’s life. Occupation is one of the most imperative tools usedto describe people in various situations.
Usingdevelopmental theory of Donald Super, I am in between exploration andestablishment stage. I have made several career choices throughout mylife, but this time I have made and stuck to a decision of being apsychologist. However, this was not the type of career I had in mindwhen I was in my mid teenage years. Back then, I fantasized aboutbecoming a reckoned musician or an actor. However, as timeprogressed, I realized the dream of becoming a musician was lame. Iretrieved my steps and made a more mature and realistic career basedon my capabilities and new found interests.
Ihave been involved in actual work experiences since I focused onpsychology as a path for my career. Intrigued by the great interestto understand why people behave in certain ways and the desire tohelp people in various situations, I am doing well as a student inpsychology. I have attended an internship and always look forward toschool holidays to volunteer. This has helped me to improve my careeras a psychologist. I am more than confident that this is the career Iwant to pursue throughout my life. So far, I have shown greatpotentials and capabilities in this field of psychology. I believethat this will be my lifetime occupation, and I look forward togaining more information about the same. Even though I am far fromwhat I want to attain, I am confident that this path will lead me towhere and who I want to be. The education and skills I have gained inschool, voluntary work, and internship have helped a lot in shapingmy career. My decisions are now more mature and realistic. I havemade a decision to stick to my career and I look forward to improvingit through working and education.
Brown,S. D., & Lent, R. W. (2013). Careerdevelopment and counseling: Putting theory and research to work.Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.
Zunker,V. G. (2012). Careercounseling: A holistic approach.Belmont, Calif: Brooks/Cole.