Article Critique Ethical Decision Making

Name, Date 1

ArticleCritique Ethical Decision Making

Newman, J. L., Gray, E. A. &ampFuqua, D. R. (1996). Beyond ethical decision making. ConsultingPsychology Journal: Practice &amp Research, 48(4), 230-236.

Newman et al. explore the ethicaldimension in consulting profession. The main focus is the role ofexternally and internally based moral and ethical conduct in theconsulting profession. In their attempt to bring out the broaderconcept of ethics and morals in consultation profession, the authorsdelineate two models. The first model explore mandatory or principleethics while the second model focus on inspirational or virtue ethics(Newman, Gray &amp Fuqua, 1996). The authors conclude the article byasking several questions regarding the role that should be played bymoral consideration in consultation. The authors generally consultprevious works in the consultation moral and ethics in generatingtheir current study. The authors come to a conclusion that mandatoryethics have a role to play in consulting profession but due tovarious limitations that the authors highlight, they cannot be solelybe used to guide professionals (Newman, Gray &amp Fuqua, 1996).There is need to integrate virtue ethics in the processionals to beable to cover for the loopholes or limitations created by mandatoryor principled ethics. In essence, the two models of ethics identifiedin this study by the authors have inherent role in consultationprofession and cannot be used distinctively.

The current article by Newman etal. is characteristically unique. Unlike traditional articles whichinvolve research study, the current article relies on literature fromprevious scholars to reach to a conclusion. The authors explore thetopic of ethics in the two models by conducting a wide literaturereview. However, the authors have outlined their views in the articleinformed by previous works by other scholars. The article is wellstructured with subheadings taking the reader through a step by stepanalysis of the topic of interest.

The current article finds outthat, whereas mandatory or principled ethics in consultationsestablish minimum standards for professional conduct throughprescription guidelines and behavioral rules, they have variouslimitations. The limitations include the fact the multifaceted natureof consulting relations doesn’t lend itself adequately to highlystructured prescriptions and prohibitions. In addition, whenprofessionals look outside themselves for solutions to key moral andethical questions, rather than searching their own values, beliefsand consciences, a process that enhances moral development andgrowth, there is likelihood of jeopardy in their work.

As such, the authors establishthat, professionals cannot entirely depend on mandatory ethics as itcannot help enhance the kind of developmental goals sought after byconsulting psychologists for themselves and their profession.Aspirational or virtue ethics come in handy in addressing thislimitations as they lend themselves more efficiently to thedevelopmental goals. The APA highlights aspirational ethics describedas goals to guide psychologists towards achieving the ultimate idealsof psychology. Examples of these goals include competence, integrity,and social responsibility (Newman, Gray &amp Fuqua, 1996). Inessence, the authors come to a conclusion that both aspirational andmandatory ethics have a role to play in consulting. Professionalsneed to weigh between the two models depending on the type ofdecision they are subject to make.

The article is well structured insubheadings describing the two models of ethics in consultationincluding mandatory or principled moral ethics and aspirational orvirtue moral ethics. The article uses simple language and avoidsjargons that are inherent to the consulting profession, meaning thatanyone including outside this field can understand the concept byreading for the first time. The article uses deductive reasoning.That is it uses other people’s works on the topic to come to aconclusion, which makes it easier for the reader to see where theauthors are coming from, where they are headed and why they havereached into their conclusion.

I agree with this article’sgeneral consensus that, in consulting both virtue ethics andmandatory ethics are significantly important. I like the way theauthors are keen not to be biased in their conclusion. At some pointone feels that they are against mandatory ethics, but on a lighternote, they are not.

Consultation as a moralenterprise is the part of the article that I found a little bitconfusing. There are so many concepts under this subheading whichmade me confused. Although after repeatedly reading through this partI was able to comprehend, I did not see any link to the currentarticle.

The article provides a broaderunderstanding of ethics in consulting. As a student, I have gained alot of knowledge in ethics in psychology. Besides, the articleprovides a complementary model of ethical judgment that professionalsshould explore as opposed to traditional ethics of mandatory andvirtue ethics. This definitely changes the way I see ethics inpsychology and in my future career in consultation.

Overall, the current article iswell written and meets its objective of explaining the moral andethical dimensions in consulting profession. It takes the readerthrough the various models and brings about a new dimension in ethicsin psychology. The article has a great impact on the profession ofconsulting and will change the way people perceive ethics.


Newman, J. L., Gray, E. A. &ampFuqua, D. R. (1996). Beyond ethical decision making. ConsultingPsychology Journal: Practice &amp Research, 48(4), 230-236.