Argumentative essay


Author’s name


  1. Lack of skills impede development

  2. Education ranking

  1. Poor standards of education

  1. Huge investment in education

  2. Ranked 14 out of 146

  3. Free education but poor quality

  1. Lack of skilled human resource

  1. No skilled work force for the private sector

  2. Lack of technology education

  3. Poor performance in science and mathematics

  1. Low standards of living due to lack of education

  1. Lack of employment

  2. A huge percentage of South Africans lack skills

  3. A majority of the people live in poor standards

  1. Education as a basic right

  1. Education is a right to every child across the world

  2. 300000 children have no access to education in South Africa

  3. Education is neither a choice nor a right to children in South Africa

  1. Future prospect for development

  1. South Africa has no prospect for future development due to lack of education

  2. Future South Africans might be illiterate

  1. Education for entrepreneurial skills

  1. Entrepreneurial skills are essential for development

  2. The young South Africans are not equipped with necessary entrepreneurial skills

  1. Conclusion

  1. Lack of education in south Africa makes it an in-development country

  2. Lack of technology education is the main problem in South Africa

  3. South Africa has tried to provide education to all people

Lack of skills has been cited as the greatest impediment tosustainable development in Africa and in South Africa in particular.Research has indicated that Africa is one of the continents with thelowest levels and percentages of skilled people. Private businessesare one of the primary drivers of an economy. Unfortunately, SouthAfrica’s privately businesses have cited lack of skilled personnelas the major impediment to business growth. The Grant Thornton’s2009 International Business Report has cited the lack of skilled manforce as the greatest impediment to development in South Africa(Bitzer, 2010). Research has indicated that the status of educationin South Africa is wanting. Globally, the education status of SouthAfrica has been ranked 140 out of 144. This is a clear indicationthat South Africa lacks the capacity to provide quality education,which is essential for development. It is therefore prudent to agreewith the hypothesis that the lack of education in South Africa is themain reason that the country is consider a developing country.

Poor standards of education

A country cannot be viewed as developed if the education system ofsuch a country does not match up to the required global standards.According to research, South Africa’s education quality has beenviewed as one the poorest. This is despite the development stridesthat the country has made in other sectors such as infrastructure andleadership. It is also noteworthy that the country spends a total of20% of its budget on education (Lynch et al., 2013). According toUNICEF, this is the highest amount than any other country in Africa.The government, through the department of basic education in SouthAfrica has made primary education compulsory and free in some of thepoorest areas. However, it is unfortunate that despite thisinvestment, the quality and performance of the South Africaneducation remains significantly low. Having been ranked 140 out of144 in global education standards, it is clearly evident that SouthAfrica is a developing country (Bitzer, 2010). Whereas the countrymay be developed in other sectors such as democracy, infrastructureand sports, lack of quality and sufficient education to the populacemakes the country to be considered as in development country.

Lack of skilled human resource

Development of any economy requires sufficient and skilled humanresource. South Africa’s education system and quality has failed toprovide the required skilled human resource necessary to fueldevelopment. As it was stated above, the private business are inshort of skilled labor force, which is essential for development.According to the Global Information Technology report of 2014, SouthAfrica has been ranked last in sciences and mathematics. This impliesthat the country lags behind in terms of technology knowhow. It isabundantly clear that technology and what it contributes towardsdevelopment cannot be ignored (Maumbe &amp Okello, 2013). More than78% of schools in South Africa do not provide computer education.This implies that such students who graduate from these schools lackproper and useful education, as well as skills that is essential tofuel development. It is widely known that science and mathematicsgraduates are highly sought after by various industries andcompanies. These are critical subjects that equip learners withsignificantly necessary skills and knowledge for working inindustries and sectors that enhance development (Lynch et al., 2013).The manufacturing and production industries have ended up withoutskilled human force. This is the same case in the research industriessuch as the one researching on new medicines. This has made SouthAfrica to be regarded as a developing country.

Low standards of living due to lack of education

A huge percentage of South Africans are unskilled or haveinsufficient education. The rate of school dropouts due to poverty,pregnancy and other factors is extremely high. Research has indicatedthat access to quality education in South Africa is a preserve of therich in society. A vast majority of the poor people in the villageshave no access to quality education (Schwarz et al., 2010). This hasin turn led to a high level of unemployment in the country. Lack ofeducation has been cited as the primary cause of poverty andunemployment. Over 60% of the people in South Africa cannot affordbasic needs (Bitzer, 2010). Employment levels can be cited as one ofthe primary factors that determines the level of development of acountry. The populace must have sufficient skills that are necessaryto acquire decent employment. However, this is not the case in SouthAfrica. Numerous students, especially girls, drop out of school dueto poverty. Early pregnancies are a common occurrence in SouthAfrican schools. It is evident from research that there is an overalllack of qualified teachers in all public schools in South Africa(News24, 2012). This has led to numerous students dropping out ofschool. As a result, finding employment without skills has forcedmost of the people to venture into the informal sector. It is alsodue to lack of education that people in South Africa are consideredas having extremely low living standards. The living standards of apopulation are one of the measures of development and therefore SouthAfrica is regarded as a developing country.

Education as a basic right

It is a widely known aspect that education is a basic right to everychild across the world. The government of every country has a duty ofproviding quality education to its populace. Whereas South Africa hasbeen in the forefront in providing quality education to its younggeneration, research has indicated that over 300000 children in SouthAfrica do not attend school. These children either lack the capacitydue to poverty or the government fails to set up strategies to ensurethey attend school. Education for the poor children in South Africais neither a matter of lack or right (Lynch et al., 2013). Theprivate schools are extremely expensive and unaffordable. On theother hand, the public schools are oversubscribed and there is littlechance of accommodating all the students. This has left thousands ofSouth African children without basic education (Bitzer, 2010).According to the Global Fund for Children, one of every five childrenin developing countries does not have access to basic education. Theorganization continues to assert that the lack of basic education tothese children not only affects their lives in future, but alsoaffects the overall development of the nations. It cannot be disputedthat the current children are the future’s leaders and lack ofeducation for them is a grave concern. Since education has beenviewed as a primary measure of development, it is clear that the lackof it is an impediment to development (Lynch et al., 2013). SouthAfrica’s inability to provide quality education to all the childrenhas been used as a measure of considering the country as indevelopment country. Up until such a time that South Africaadequately provides education for its population, it will remain asin-development country.

Future prospect for development

Lack of education in South Africa indicates that the futuregeneration will be comprised of illiterate people who will hardlycontribute to the development of the economy. The percentage ofchildren lacking access to education and the poor quality ofinstruction offered by unqualified teachers is disastrous (News24,2012). Such a country cannot be regarded as developed without havinga secured future prospect for development records. Research has shownthat a majority of the experts working in the industries are importedfrom other countries. The locals are unable to offer the necessaryskills required in the various industries. A developed country mustbe able to provide a prospect for future development. The populacemust be educated in order to ensure that they can provide thenecessary human workforce, skills and knowledge to fuel development.The reason that South Africa is regarded as being in-development isbecause a majority of the people lack education and therefore thefuture development prospects of the country are doubtable (Lynch etal., 2013).

Education for entrepreneurial skills

Education is essential for creating young potential entrepreneursfor a country. The lack of education in South Africa has led toreduced number of entrepreneurs. It cannot be disputed thatentrepreneurs form an essential part of a country’s economy.However, it noteworthy that entrepreneurs require skills to run theirbusinesses. The country in question does not offer quality andaffordable education to the people. Whereas a country may not offeremployment opportunities for all the people, it is evident thatequipping them with skills will be extremely effective (Bitzer,2010). Such people can use their skills to run small and mediumbusinesses hence creating employment to others, as well as creatingwealth. A developed country will ensure that the young and theenergetic people are equipped with skills to make them creative.South Africa has failed to provide sufficient skills to the youngpeople hence does not qualify as a developed country, but rather asan in-development country.


Whereas the country’s quality of instruction may be low, it isworth noting that the country is making numerous strides towardsensuring that education is accessible to all people regardless oftheir economic status. It is clear that the government of the countrythrough the Department of Basic Education has provided free educationto all the children in South Africa. The government has givenpriority to the poor areas of the country. Education has so far beenmade a basic right and compulsory for every child. However, thegovernment has a lot to do in terms of improving the quality andreducing the high levels of drop outs. It has been found out that amajority of the teachers are unqualified and their mode and level ofinstruction do not meet the required standards (Lynch et al., 2013).The country must invest in training the teachers and also improvingthe infrastructure of the learning institutions. It is time for thegovernment of South Africa to realize that technology is a vitalcomponent of development. The learning institutions must invest inteaching the learners on computer skills (Maumbe &amp Okello, 2013).As long as the country is unable to provide its entire populace withquality and affordable education, South Africa will remain consideredas an in-development country. It is evident that South Africa’sother sectors of the economy such as infrastructure and democracy aredeveloped. However, the lack of adequate education to its people hasbeen the main cause that the country has been considered asin-development.


Maumbe, B. M., &amp Okello, J. (2013).&nbspTechnology,sustainability, and rural development in Africa.Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

Bitzer, E. (2010).&nbspHigher education in South Africa: Ascholarly look behind the scenes. Stellenbosch: Sun Media.

News24. (2012). SA has worst Maths, science education in world.Retrieved from: world-20140602

Lynch, J., Modgil, S., &amp Modgil, C. (2013).&nbspEducation anddevelopment: Tradition and innovation. London:Cassell.

Schwarz, S., Teichler, U., &amp University Gesamthochschule Kassel.(2010).&nbspThe institutional basis of highereducation research: Experiences and perspectives. Dordrecht [Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.