Anthrax

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ThesisStatement:is one of the rarely infected diseases but in case of an outbreak cancause massive death.

refers to an acute disease that is caused by bacterium bacillusanthracic.Most forms of anthrax tend to be lethal and more of the affect bothanimals and human. Currently, there are suitable vaccines for theprevention of the disease. Similarly, some form of anthrax respondwell to antibiotic treatments. The disease spreads directly from aninfected animal or person to another. It tends to spread by spores.The spores are transported by shoes or clothing. Animal’s carcasscan also be a source of anthrax spores. The spores are some of thesoil-borne and have a very long span. The spores are acquired whenanimals graze. When they graze, the vegetation are made in such a waythat they cause gastrointestinal wounds. Thereafter the spores enterinto tissues, multiply themselves, and thus lead to death of the host(Sweeneyet al., 2011).

occurs in three forms. They include gastrointestinal, inhalation andcutaneous (skin). The cutaneous anthrax occurs when the anthraxspores touch a scrape or cut on the skin. It is the most common form,and the main risk is the contact with animal products. Inhalationanthrax tends to develop when the anthrax spores enters the lungsthrough respiratory tracts. Farmers contract it through airborne whennext to infected animals. Gastrointestinal anthrax tends to occurwhen a person eats an anthrax-tainted meat. The prevention of anthraxis done by implementing the use of antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin(Sweeneyet al., 2011). is weapons of bioterrorism in many occurrences. They are useddue to their capability of affecting a large population throughinfestation of the spores. Similarly, the spores are colorless,odorless, and light. These features make it not to be easilydiscoverable (Suket al., 2011).

References

Sweeney,D. A., Hicks, C. W., Cui, X., Li, Y., &amp Eichacker, P. Q. (2011). infection. Americanjournal of respiratory and critical care medicine,184(12),1333-1341.

Suk,J. E., Zmorzynska, A., Hunger, I., Biederbick, W., Sasse, J.,Maidhof, H., &amp Semenza, J. C. (2011). Dual-use research andtechnological diffusion: reconsidering the bioterrorism threatspectrum. PLoSpathogens,7(1),e1001253.