Analysis of ‘beyond ethical decision-making’ article


Analysisof ‘beyond ethical decision-making’ article

Thepaper discusses beyond ethical decision-making article. The articlewas written to compare the concepts of aspiration ethics versusmandatory ethics virtue versus principle and moral responsibilities.The concepts tend to differentiate the internal and external basedmoral and ethical behavior (Newman, Gray &amp Fuqua, 1996). Thepurpose of the article is to elaborate on the moral applications.Moral is applied in psychotherapeutic settings and other professionalfields. Similarly, it also addresses the fundamental features of theconstructing relationship basing on moral dimensions. In addition, itlinks necessary ethics to the requirements of a professionalperformance.

Thearticle further discusses on the four underlying theme of itscontent. They include concepts of aspiration ethics versus mandatoryethics virtue versus principle and moral responsibilities (Vachon &ampAgresti, 1992). Mandatory versus aspiration ethics tends to be thefirsts discussion. Efforts that address ethical and moral issuescreate emphasis on the mandatory ethics. Mandatory ethics, usually,establish the minimum requirements for the performance ofprofessionals. The professionals act via prescriptive guidelines andother behavioral rules (Newman et al., 1996). The approach haslimitations such as poorly structured prescription in consultingrelationships.

Theprinciple versus virtue ethics also steer moral and ethics upkeep. Avirtue ethics depends on professional ethics instead of situationalvariables (Woody, 1990). Principle virtue defines the practicalfunction of the defined and interpreted ethics. It determines theimpacts on ethics more than its principles. The complexity of theorganizational context assists an organization in consultationethics. The concept diversifies under consultant, consultee, andconsultee clients. The consultant always bears the substantial moralresponsibilities (Newman et al., 1996). They are the pillar of thisgroup of complexity. The consultants base on secondary data sourcesand to the consultee’s client systems. The perceived needs and theinterest of consultee systems rely on its clients. In anorganization, there are adverse views of individuals and units. Theunits influence the power and distribution of potential ethicalissues (Newman et al., 1996).

Consultationas amoral enterprise usually describes four moral virtues. The fourvirtues are relevant in enhancing and cultivating the ethicaloutcomes. The attributes included integrity, prudence,respectfulness, and benevolence. The complementary model of ethicaljudgment inherently controls the behaviour of an individual. Theconcept elaborates on the various levels of applying ethics. Ethicsis more essential at an entry level of practice, adherence, andallegiance (Tennyson &amp Strom, 1986).

Twoethical models illustrate the various issues encountered in differentpractices. The first one includes the ethical and moral judgment. Themodel involves regulating certain parameters in consultingrelationship. This model needs one to learn how to apply theprescribed principles. The second model tends to be ethical and moralenquiry. The model represents the framework of cognitive aspects thattend to reflect the development and importance of individuals. Themodel is sometimes related to experiential, internal and developmentof individuals (Newman et al., 1996).

Thearticle is very informative. It bases on the regular needs norms in asociety such as ethics. The concepts discussed are of clear benefitsto psychotherapists and other professionals. The article has somerationales that are not understandable. For instance, it points outthat other non-professional personnel’s acquire a virtue ethicsonly depends on professionals, which in contrary it can even be onother fields. Finally, the article underpins professionals such asteacher, counselors, and administrators to portray ethics in theiroperations.


Newman,J. L., Gray, E. A. &amp Fuqua, D. R. (1996). Beyond ethicaldecision-making. Consulting Psychology Journal:Practice &amp Research, 48 (4), 230-236.

Tennyson, W W., &amp Strom, S.M. (1986). Beyond professional standards: Developing responsibleness. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 298-302.

Vachon,D. O., &amp Agresti, A.A. (1992). A training proposal to help mentalhealth professionals clarify and manage implicit values in thecounseling process. Professional Psychology:Research and Practice,23, 509-514.

Woody,J. D. (1990). Resolving Ethical Concerns in Clinical Practice: Toward a pragmatic model. Journalof Marital and Family Therapy,16, 133-150.