Abnormal Psychology


Changeson DSM-V in Autistic Disorder and Aspergers Syndrome

DSM-Vstands for diagnostic and statistical manual-fifth edition.Clinicians in diagnostic of autism disorders and other relateddisorders use the manual. Barlow&amp Durand (2011) reveals that DSM-Vhas various changes. For instance, the manual elaborates onseparation of diagnostic labels for autistic disorder and asperger’sdisorder is replaced with umbrella term “the autism spectrumdisorder.” The levels bases on the support needed, due to variouschallenges on social communication and the restricted behaviors andinterest.

Theumbrella term is phases out old ways of diagnostic in DSM-IV. The oldways were never precise enough. For instance, many differentclinicians tend to be diagnosing same person with differentdisorders. The autism spectrum disorder is undergoing revisions oncurrent criteria’s. The criteria’s are reorganized and thusstrict than the old criteria’s. For example, more symptoms arebeing used in the meeting of the criteria within a fixated interestsand a repetitive behavior. The changes base on research, analysis,and further experts opinion.

Changesin axis system (1-5) and differences in the DSM-V

Theaxial systems differ with the DSM-V in many ways. For example, theDSM-5 does not still practice first diagnosis in childhood, infancy,or adolescence and opts to list them in other chapters. The DSM-5deleted the multiaxial systems of diagnosis and listed them inchapter two. They were formerly axis I, axis II and Axis III.Similarly, the DSM-5 seems to have replaced the Axis IV with moresignificant contextual and psychosocial features and then dropped theaxis V.

Threetypes of mood disorders and the d fourth type

Mooddisorder is a group of various diagnoses in a diagnostic andstatistical manual of mental disorder (DSM IV TR). The system tendsto classify the disturbances in person’s mood through hypothesizedof main underlying features. The four basic types of mood disordersinclude major depressions, SAD (seasonal affective disorder) andcyclothymia (mild type of bipolar disorder). The fourth form of mooddisorder tends to be mania, a hyperactive, euphoric, and overinflated ego. In addition, mania causes unrealistic optimism (Barlowet al., 2011).


SIGECAPSis a mnemonic that physicians use as a symbol for remembering thesymptoms of depressions as a mood disorder. The mnemonic also showsthe prescriptions for depressed patients. Each letter represents onediagnostic criterion for a specific depressive disorder. They aresleep, interest, guilt, energy, concentration, appetite, psychomotor,suicidal respectively.


Adiagnostic interview is a question and answer session betweenpsychiatrists, doctors, psychologists or any other trainees’professionals and the people suspected to be meeting criteriadisease.

WhatDSM-V means by course treatment?

Accordingto Barlowet al. (2011), DSM-Vrefers to a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disordersthat was produced by the American Psychiatric Association. It listscategories of various disorders perceived to be of distinct types.Clinicians use the manual in treatment of the disorder underinvestigation.

Whatis cross cultural classification system?

Thecross-cultural analysis refers to statistical cross-culturalcomparison used for discovering traits between cultures and furthergenerating ideas concerning cultural universals. Analysts come withhypotheses prior to using the system.

Differencebetween acute stress disorder and PTSD

Theacute stress disorder is more of associated with the dissociativesymptoms. They include extreme emotional disconnections anddifficulty in experiencing pleasure. These traits are different fromthose patients with posttraumatic stress disorders.

Riskfactors for survivors of disaster developing PTSD

Riskfactors make someone prone to more severe and longer-lasting stressreactions after a certain disaster. They include severity ofexposures, age, gender, and family.

Unusualcase of a person with PTSD

Calmnessis not a symptom of Post Trauma Stress Disorder.

Nameof PTSD during the World War I

PostTrauma Stress Disorder during the World War I was known as combatstress reaction (CSR). The disorder describes the acute behavioraldisorganizations as seen by medical personnel due to trauma of war.

Hormoneresponsible for dealing with dangerous and frightening situations ina person

Thehormones responsible for dealing with the frightening and dangeroussituations include adrenaline, nor epinephrine, and cortisolhormeones.

DepressionSymptoms and Treatment

Maryis suffering from a depression disorder. The symptoms includeisolation from others, not sleeping and eating, and more of worried.The best treatment methods will include the incorporation ofantidepressants therapy and psychotherapy (Barlowet al., 2011).


Barlow,D., &amp Durand, V. (2011). Abnormalpsychology: An integrative approach.New York: Cengage Learning.